Church Monuments
A Gazetteer
Being An Illustrated List of Church Monuments in Britain and France
Introduction & Index

News - November 22nd  2019

   This site was originally part of the Church Monuments Society web site, which I began in 1998, when I was Hon. Publicity Officer to that Society and when not only were society websites were quite rare but also  the internet was only just beginning to take off. And what a primitive site the first version was: there were no images and I had to write the text using HTML code as WYSWYG did not exist. The site went through a number of versions and improvements until a professional designer was employed, at the Society's request, to build the individual pages. I retired as publicity officer in 2015 after many years in the post but took over the gazetteer pages. The site itself had developed a number of glitches which I could not fix myself as they affected various add ons the professional designer had attached to my simple program, nor would the Society agree to employing a professional designer to carry out the repairs. However when there was a change of President of the Society a professional designer was  then employed who  ironed out all these problems. As the gazetteer was now my responsibility I had the job of uploading the lot onto the Society's site. After about a year the Society decided on a complete redesign so that the web site would be more suitable for 'portable devices' and felt the gazetteer would not be satisfy this requirement. So the gazetteer - and its cost -was handed over to me to upload onto a fresh site yet again. I decided to improve and unify the pages and where possible to find the original photographs and improve those too. So it goes not....

  With many thanks to Janet Groome for talking me through all the obscurities of web sites, especially when it was at a time she was moving house.

   The following pages have not been revised yet and are not accessible on line. They will, of course be available as soon as possible:

   Bristol,  Kent, London -Westminster, London - Kensington & Chelsea, Worcestershire (Cathedral only), and Lincolnshire, as well as the Welsh counties.

   The following are in the process of revision and are accidentally on line although they are not very satisfactory at the moment:

    London-The City 1.

  I am now working on  Lincolnshire; this will take a little while as there are three pages and the photographs very scattered. I have also been unable to find the Lincolnshire Cathedral photographs but they may yet turn up; if they do not I will add the originals for now and rephotograph them in due course. I have also found some excellent photographs from Amanda Miller, which I did not know I had, and which I will add to the Sussex section. I have also received a large number of photographs from Richard Collier, which I am progressively adding.

 

This gazetteer sets out to list the monuments in cathedrals, churches, chapels, museums and even streets and private houses in Britain and France; there are also a few listed from other parts of Europe.

A church monument is defined as a memorial to the dead within a church. The person commemorated may well be interred below the monument, elsewhere in the church, elsewhere altogether or may indeed have no known burial site. The subject can be studies in greater depth by referring to The Church Monuments Society. Thus the following are included in this definition:

1. All forms of standing monuments, some with effigies, some without; this includes tomb chests etc
2. Wall monuments.
3. Grave slabs
4. Cenotaphs
5. Brasses and brass matrices. I include these from time to time somewhat haphazardly; they are however best dealt with by the Monumental Brass Society.
5. Ledger stones. These I also include from time to time. Again more detail of these memorials may be found un the Ledgerstone Survey
6. Wall paintings. These are not often seen because easy damage and loss.

I have not included:

1. War memorials. For information about this important aspect of our heritage, see The War Memorial Trust.
2. Public sculpture. Public Monuments and Sculpture Association.
3. Monuments in Churchyards. In general I have not dealt with tombs and memorials in church yards, except:  i) where the monument may well have been in the church and had been ejected at some time or appeared to have been; ii) where the monument should have been or looks like it should have been in the church; and iii) where I feel a monument is of some interest, such as containing a sculptured representation of the deceased.
4. Stained glass windows. Although these are sometimes part of a monument, even monuments in themselves, they are best discussed elsewhere.

For example, General Sir Redvers Buller VC is buried in the churchyard of Crediton parish church where he has a monument; he also has a curious monument of mosaics and figures in the church. He has a wall monument in Exeter Cathedral as well as a cenotaph, with recumbent effigy, in Winchester Cathedral. He also has an equestrian statue in Exeter (outside the College). All but the last are included.

I have included, or tried to include, a whole range of monuments, not just those of high artistic merit or sculptural excellence which are not, of course, always related: if you examine the examples of vulgar ostentation or frank absudity (for example men shown in affected poses wearing Roman armour and long curly wigs) you will understand  my meaning. I have also included, for example, the simple slab to a young man killed in action. In other words I have tried to include monument of interest what ever that interest might be. I do have my favourites, of course: all medieval monuments, perhaps because I wasn't there at the time, the sad mititary monuments and equally sad monuments to children, and finally the mournfully romantic Victorian works.

The photographs and information are sent to me by a number of people whose names are given throughout the gazetteer. I have also taken a number of photographs and added drawings, diagrams and information myself, the Webmaster. When I visit a church I usually photograph the monuments which I feel are of the most interest, not just those of artistic merit, of course, but those of any historical interest as well; I also include monuments which may be of local interest or which are unusual or quirky in some way. Occasionally, if I have the time, I will list or photograph all the monuments in the church, even if the are far from fulfilling the above criteria; not matter how mundane they might be, they may interest someone somewhere, and indeed have done so in the past. I often add notes about the commemorated in the case of historical monuments; this is written in a light hearted but factual fashion. I also must stress that I have received no funding whatsoever from any source for this project.

I should like to add that this is an introduction to church monuments not a major academic exercise: it is an overview to show that the study of church monuments can tell us many things about the past and to encourage people to visit churches to see the monuments for themselves, this being, it hardly need be said, the best way to examine them. It is also a guide to visiting churches: are they open and what to do if they are not, and where to park. Opening times and car parking sites change and what I have written isvreally  only strictly true at the time I actually visited. There are now websites, and even series of websites, giving information and details which is very helpful, but remember someone had to update this information and this is not alwars done to date.  I am also trying to encourage people to care for monuments, not only visitors but those responsible for them, as they can, needless to say, never be replaced. I am disappointed from time to time to find that those responsible for monuments show little care for them as well as little respect for the commemorated.

I am pleased to add that over many years and several hundred churches I have found the clergy, churchwardens and other members of the church staff always very curteous and helpful when I have contacted or met them, often going out of their way to assist me. One one occassion a vicar helped me lift a wooden effigy out of the vestry and arrange it so it could be photographed and on several occassions clergy have opened their churches specially for me. Only once have I been refused entry to a church and for no good reason at that: you will find which if you browse through these pages. Let me say that attitude there has not improved over forty years later. But that is one out of many.

The gazetteer is profusely illustrated with photographs, drawings and diagrams. Descriptions and information are also given where it may be helpful, but this is kept to a minimum, the gazetteer being primarily a visual one. For Britain the list is given by county but, for ease of reference, these are the 'old' counties set in print, if not in stone, by Pevsner in the Buildings of England, Wales and Scotland series, where the most complete list of church monuments may be found, although he is selective about which monuments to include; his writing is also at times rather vague and far too subjective for my taste. The best books of all is the Royal Commission on Historical Monuments series, which list everything up to a cut off day and there are no artistic musings. This series, which was intended to cover all of Britain, was discontinued a while ago now and only one actual county was ever finished. I have added where to park when visiting the church and whether the church is open or not; however, this latter may change so if you are making a special journey to visit the church, it may be advisable to write or e-mail the incumbent. I have also begun to add map references, which are especially helpful on those rare occasions when the church is hard to find; these are based on the O/S National Grid with its 'false origin', which is very simple to use.

France was divided into a number of départements during the Revolution in 1790 (96 in metropolitan France and 5 overseas). These were created more for political reasons than anything else and are unlikely to change unlike English counties, to which they are roughly equivalent . In 1982 France was divided into larger administrative régions, 27 in all,  each containing several départments; these were reduced by amalgamation to 18 in 2016. For the present I am using the old 27, as my purpose is to enable the visitor to find the churches; listing them according to département would probably be confusing as you would first have to find the location of the département, while, in my view, the new régions are too large for our purpose.

Other European countries are included but not much work has yet been carried out here.

Please note that this work is forever in progress and will expand progressively. I welcome contributions of photographs and information and any corrections to errors in the text or the photographs. Please contact:


Click on the links below to access the various pages. Some counties have more than one page and I have now given links to individual pages; there are also links between individual pages. Note the dates of all the last updates are noted and the latest marked in red. Those currently being worked on are shown in green but they may be accessed. Those which I have not yet revised and uploaded are in blue. At the head of each page is a list of the churches which follow; I've begun to mark those which contain many monuments or one outstanding monument worth seeing in bold and those containing a medieval monument in italic. If there are brackets aroung the name there is some problem with this location: for example, the church may no longer exist. I have received many photographs from interested people and have tried to acknowledge them but in the past have not done this as well as I should have like. I have been taking photographs since 2009 and cameras and my technique have both improved over the years so some of the later photographs are far better than the earlier ones; I sometimes, when I can, revisit a church and rephotograph the monuments.

I have begun a glossary to explain or clarify some of the terms used in the text. This is permanently in progress. It may be accessed here.



 
ENGLAND
County Last Revision Details  
Bedfordshire 21-04-19 Chalgrave added  
Berkshire 07-05-16 Two churches added and Aldworth complete revision  
Buckinghamshire 04-04-19 One church added  
Bristol 01-10-12 Bristol is now essentially complete  
Cambridgeshire 1 (A-K) 20-05-19 Cambridgeshire has now been divided into two part; one church added  
Cambridgeshire 2 (L-W)  
Cambridgeshire - Ely   Ely Cathedral Completed  
Cheshire 08-10-12 One church with several monuments added.  
Cornwall 02-12-18 Re-edited. I have finally replaced the unsatisfactory photographs I  took.
Cumberland 04-07-19 New! Cumberland at last but only one church and one monument  
Derbyshire 04-07-19 Re-edited and photographs enlarged. one monument added  
Dorset 1 (A-F)
05-12-19 Effigy of Col T E Lawrence - Larence of Arabia - at St Martin's Wareham added
Dorset 2 (G-M)
Dorset 3 (M-P)  
Dorset 4 (S-W)
Devon 1 (A-B) 19-05-19  Devon 1, 2 and 3 are finished to date and  on line: new photographs of Eggesford added.

Devon 4, 5 & 6 is are on line but a few items missing: new photographs of Marystow and Lifton added

I cannot find a few photographs: hence the gaps. I will add them if I find them but if not, I will add those I edited for the earlier pages, which are rather small.
Devon 2 (C-E)  
Devon 3 (E-H)  
Devon 4 (I-M)  
Devon 5 (N-S)  
Devon 6 (T-W)
Devon-Exeter 07-10-18 This link will take you to City of Exeter Churches Page and from there you can reach the Exeter Cathedral Page. NB This latter page is long: be patient! It is also not quite finished although all the photographs (bar two) are in position  
County Durham 24-07-19 One church added  
Essex 1 (A-H) 08-05-19 Essex has now been split into two pages. One new church and several photographs from other churches have been added  
Essex 2 (H-W)  
Gloucestershire 02-09-19 Now revised and on line  
Gloucestershire - Tewkesbury Abbey 02-09-19 Separated and on line  
City of Gloucester 26-07-19 This is a new page with material taken from the original Gloucester Page and some new material  
Hampshire1 (A-T) 11-12-19 A minature knight and more photographs from Romsey Abbey (Pt 1)  
Hampshire 2 (S-W)  
Hampshire - City of Winchester 21-11-18 Winchester Cathedral has now been redesigned with re-edited photographs. Notes on King Alfred's Tomb and The Mortuary Chests are, as before, on separate pages; but now the ledger stones are also on a separate page. This is a long page: please be patient!  
Herefordshire 20-10-16 Three wall monuments at Pembridge  
Hertfordshire 22-05-18 Kings Langley added  
Huntingdon & Peterborough 09-12-19 An error corrected and a conclusion
Kent 03-03-13 Many new churches and monuments added  
Lancashire 13-06-16 Warrington - two photographs
Leicestershire  02-12-19 Illustrations of the Richard III Society's unused design for the King's tomb.  
Lincolnshire Current Under revision  
London - The City I ..  -  .. 15 Section of the Temple Church enlarged.  
London - The City II (St Pauls) 20-05-19 Amanda Miller's photographs from St Paul's Cathedral  
London - The City III (Other Churches 29-05-19 A new page from bits of old pages, revised and enlarged
       
County Last Revision Details
London - Wandsworth 21-05-19 Back on line
London - Westminster   A selection of monuments in St Margaret's added
London - Kensington & Chelsea 05-10-12 Monuments held by the Victoria & Albert Museum 
Northamptonshire 26-10-19 Revised and on line but no new material
Northumberland 09-06-19 Some new and revised material
Nottinghamshire 24-11-19 One church, one photograph, four effigies.
More, eventually, to follow hopefully
Norfolk 02-07-19 Re-edited and photographs enlarged. one monument added
Norfolk - Norwich 23-02-19 This links to Norwich which I have moved from Norfolk to a separate page. A link from here to  Norwich Cathedral. Norfolk will be redone in due course
Oxfordshire 15-07-17 Revised 29-03-19 but no new material
Rutland 28-08-16 England's smallest county which comes and goes - but here it stays! Two churches only. Revised 30-03-19
Shropshire (A-H) 29-09-19 Burford church added - many monuments. (Pt 1)
Shropshire 2 (K-M)
Shropshire 3 (N-W)
Somerset 1 (A-T) 02-05-19 Glastonbury Abbey added: very little here
Somerset 2 (D-N)
Somerset 3 (N-Y)
Somerset - Wells
Staffordshire 03-11-19 Back on line, revised but no new material 
Suffolk 1 (A-E) 04-12-19 Two churches added, one in each part. Monuments of 16th to 20th centuries
Suffolk 2 (F-W)
Surrey 09-12-19 A short note on dating military effigies added added
Sussex 17-10-19 Back on line but only a few new engravings added
Warwickshire 17-10-19 Back on line. There are a large number of new photographs. This page is rather large: I will split it shortly
Westmorland 26-03-19 Two photographs from Lowther added. Thanks to whoever sent them!
Wiltshire 07-06-18 Wiltshire has been divided into two parts (plus Salisbury)
Worcestershire 17-02-14 This county has been re-edited and is now on line.
The Cathedral is on a separate page and will appear later
Worcester Cathedral    
Yorkshire: City of York: The Minster 24-03-19 The city now has its own page: I have redesigned it but was unable to enlarge the photographs.
Yorkshire: City of York Churches 17-10-19 Two more churches added
Yorkshire: East Riding 09-07-19 Back on line with revision and several new photographs. I am not entirely happy with some of these and hope to visit the East Riding next year. I will then split the page
Yorkshire: North Riding 1 (A-E) 09-12-19 Some new additions (Pt 1)        
Yorkshire: North Riding 2 (F-H)
Yorkshire: North Riding 3 (I-M)
Yorkshire: North Riding 4 (N-Y)
Yorkshire: West Riding 1  (A-N) 29-09-19 Giggleswick added (Pt 2)
Yorkshire: West Riding 2 (R-W)

SCOTLAND  
revised 11-01-10
     
WALES

Denbighshire 30-08-12 Several churches and many monuments of all periods added  
Flintshire 12-09-17 One monument added  





Gwent    
Pembrokeshire 11-08-16 One church added (Tenby)
     
     
       
FRANCE
Centre
10-06-19
Two effigies added from two churches in Indre department: new page
Pays de la Loire 28-11-18 Several medieval monuments in Le Mans Archaeological Museum added. This link takes you to Pays de la Loire: from there go follow the link to Sarthe.
Ile de France 01-01-18 Saint-Denis complete
The Louvre (link) 19-08-18 A collection of monumental sculpture from demolished churches from the 14th to 17th centuries. Mostly just the effigies - or even the busts - may remain.
Basilica of St Denis (link) 12-08-18 This is now complete; however I will replace unsatisfatory photographs and add more photographs and information later
Limousin 02-12-19 Just two churches: a curiosity and an anachronism
Aquitaine 13-06-18 New region begun: only two effigies but interesting ones
Brittany 4-10-19 This will take you to the Brittany Index Page
New Department - Finistère added: Cathedral of St-Pol-de-Léon
Normandy 23-11-18 One church added
Poitou-Charentes 13-06-19 This link will now take you to the Poitou-Charantes region page from where the individual departments can be accessed
Burgundy 14-05-16 One church added
Picardy 27-09-16 One fragment - a knight's head. But it's a start!
Midi-Pyrenese 02-12-19 Three monuments from Cahors Cathedral added


REST OF WESTERN EUROPE
 
ITALY BELGIUM GERMANY & THE LOW COUNTRIES  
Venice  11-11-12  New New - 12-05-16 A small collection of photographs taken in the Low Countries
 and Germany by the late Dr John Physick  03-07-07
 
 
 
MONUMENTS TO THE FAMOUS

Dr Jean Wilson

Monuments to the Translators of the  Authorised Version of the Bible - the King James Bible. (on line again 03-06-19)
J K Bromilow MInspP Monuments to the Regicides (04-06-19) I began this page several years ago but never finished it; still unfinished, I have revised the page and finally uploaded it. I will upload revisions at intervals as I gather information and add corrections.