Church Monuments
A Gazetteer
Being An Illustrated List of Church Monuments in Britain and France
Introduction & Index

News -  April 30th 2023
  I did managed a short trip to England with my wife to see our son's wedding - and took a few photographs which will appear on these pages shortly. The first are from Danbury, Essex: three wooden knight in one church. Worth a visit!

  With many thanks to Janet Groome for talking me through all the obscurities of web sites, especially when it was at a time she was moving house. And many thanks also to those who have sent me a large quantity of photographs and information over the years: Amada Miller, Jean McCreanor, Dr John Davies, and Richard Collier. Not forgetting from the Church Monuments Society council members and members: Dr Clive Easter, Miss Sally Badham and Joan & Robert Tucker. Plus many people who have send a handful or even one photograph: everything is welcome!


This gazetteer sets out to list the monuments in cathedrals, churches, chapels, museums and even streets and private houses in Britain and France; there are also a few listed from other parts of Europe.

A church monument is defined as a memorial to the dead within a church. The person commemorated may well be interred below the monument, elsewhere in the church, elsewhere altogether or may indeed have no known burial site. The subject can be studies in greater depth by referring to The Church Monuments Society. Thus the following are included in this definition:

1. All forms of standing monuments, some with effigies, some without; this includes tomb chests etc
2. Wall monuments.
3. Grave slabs
4. Cenotaphs
5. Brasses and brass matrices. I include these from time to time somewhat haphazardly; they are however best dealt with by the Monumental Brass Society.
5. Ledger stones. These I also include from time to time. Again more detail of these memorials may be found un the Ledgerstone Survey
6. Wall paintings. These are not often seen because easy damage and loss.

I have not included:

1. War memorials. For information about this important aspect of our heritage, see The War Memorial Trust.
2. Public sculpture. Public Monuments and Sculpture Association.
3. Monuments in Churchyards. In general I have not dealt with tombs and memorials in church yards, except:  i) where the monument may well have been in the church and had been ejected at some time or appeared to have been; ii) where the monument should have been or looks like it should have been in the church; and iii) where I feel a monument is of some interest, such as containing a sculptured representation of the deceased.
4. Stained glass windows. Although these are sometimes part of a monument, even monuments in themselves, they are best discussed elsewhere.
However I must say that this is not a rigid, absolute rule and when there is something of interest it may well be shown.

For example, General Sir Redvers Buller VC is buried in the churchyard of Crediton parish church where he has a monument; he also has a curious monument of mosaics and figures in the church. He has a wall monument in Exeter Cathedral as well as a cenotaph, with recumbent effigy, in Winchester Cathedral. He also has an equestrian statue in Exeter (outside the College). All but the last are included.

I have included, or tried to include, a whole range of monuments, not just those of high artistic merit or sculptural excellence which are not, of course, always related: if you examine the examples of vulgar ostentation or frank absurdity (for example men shown in affected poses wearing Roman armour and long curly wigs) you will understand  my meaning. I have also included, for example, the simple slab to a young man killed in action. In other words I have tried to include monument of interest what ever that interest might be. I do have my favourites, of course: all medieval monuments, perhaps because I wasn't there at the time, the sad military monuments and equally sad monuments to children, and finally the mournfully romantic Victorian works.

The photographs and information are sent to me by a number of people whose names are given throughout the gazetteer. I have also taken a number of photographs and added drawings, diagrams and information myself, the Webmaster. When I visit a church I usually photograph the monuments which I feel are of the most interest, not just those of artistic merit, of course, but those of any historical interest as well; I also include monuments which may be of local interest or which are unusual or quirky in some way. Occasionally, if I have the time, I will list or photograph all the monuments in the church, even if the are far from fulfilling the above criteria; not matter how mundane they might be, they may interest someone somewhere, and indeed have done so in the past. I often add notes about the commemorated in the case of historical monuments; this is written in a light hearted but factual fashion. I also must stress that I have received no funding whatsoever from any source for this project.

I should like to add that this is an introduction to church monuments not a major academic exercise: it is an overview to show that the study of church monuments can tell us many things about the past and to encourage people to visit churches to see the monuments for themselves, this being, it hardly need be said, the best way to examine them. It is also a guide to visiting churches: are they open and what to do if they are not, and where to park. The church opening times, as well as car parking sites and changes, which  I have recorded are really  only strictly true at the time I actually visited. There are now websites, and even series of websites, giving information and details which is very helpful, but remember someone had to update this information and this is not always done to date.  I am also trying to encourage people to care for monuments, not only visitors but those responsible for them, as they can, needless to say, never be replaced. I am disappointed from time to time to find that those responsible for monuments show little care for them as well as little respect for the commemorated.

Please note that because left and right reverse when you turn round (!), I have begun to adopt the following convention. When referring to a photograph, or similar, left refers to your left, and right similarly. When I refer to an effigy, monument, coat of arms etc, left means the effigy's (etc) left, and right similarly; this is the convention adopted in such diverse subjects as heraldry and anatomy and seem ramarkably sensible to me. There may be variations waiting to be corrected.

I am pleased to add that over many years and several hundred churches I have found the clergy, churchwardens and other members of the church staff always very courteous and helpful when I have contacted or met them, often going out of their way to assist me. On one occasion a vicar helped me lift a wooden effigy out of the vestry (where it was kept to prevent theft) and arrange it so it could be photographed and on several occasions clergy have opened their churches specially for me.

The gazetteer is profusely illustrated with photographs, drawings and diagrams. Descriptions and information are also given where it may be helpful, but this is kept to a minimum, the gazetteer being primarily a visual one. For England the list is given by county but, for ease of reference, these are the 'old' counties set in print, if not in stone, by Pevsner in the Buildings of England series, where the most complete list of church monuments may be found. Alec Clifton-Taylor in his rather excellent book English Parish Churches as Works of Art (Appendix B) states, writing about the county changes of 1974, ... the far more drastic changes  of 1974 have been ignored. Based on administrative convenience, the changes have been made without regard for history, and it seems likely that the next generation will be able to accept them as normal. With regard to Mr Clifton-Taylor's last comment here I should like to comment that this applies to too many changes, some of them very serious, such as the totally unacceptable hospital car park charges. Also to add to without regard to history I must add well as natural geographical boundaries such as rivers. I was born in a Lancashire town which is now 'in' Merseyside and worked for a (thankfully) short time in Warrington which was in Lancashire but then migrated (administratively) to the other side of the River Mersey into Cheshire.

I have added where to park when visiting the church and whether the church is open or not; however, this latter may change so if you are making a special journey to visit the church, it may be advisable to write or e-mail the incumbent. I have also begun to add map references, which are especially helpful on those rare occasions when the church is hard to find; these are based on the O/S National Grid with its 'false origin', which is very simple to use.

France was divided into a number of départements during the Revolution in 1790 (now 96 in metropolitan France and 5 overseas). These were created more for political reasons than anything else and are unlikely to change, unlike English counties, to which they are roughly equivalent. In 1982 France was divided into larger administrative régions, 27 in all,  each containing several départments; these were reduced by amalgamation to 18 in 2016. For the present I am using the old 27, as my purpose is to enable the visitor to find the churches; listing them according to département would probably be confusing as you would first have to find the location of the département, while, in my view, the new régions are too large for our purpose.

Other European countries are included but not much work has yet been carried out here.

Please note that this work is forever in progress and will expand progressively. I welcome contributions of photographs and information and any corrections to errors in the text or the photographs. Please contact:

Click on the links below to access the various pages. Some counties have more than one page and I have now given links to individual pages; there are also links between individual pages. Note the dates of all the last updates are noted and the latest marked in red. Those currently being worked on are shown in green but they may be accessed. Those which I have not yet revised and uploaded are in blue. At the head of each page is a list of the churches which follow; I've begun to mark those which contain many monuments or one outstanding monument worth seeing in bold and those containing a medieval monument in italic. If there are brackets around the name there is some problem with this location: for example, the church may no longer exist. I have received many photographs from interested people and have tried to acknowledge them but in the past have not done this as well as I should have like. I have been taking photographs since 2009 and cameras and my technique have both improved over the years so some of the later photographs are far better than the earlier ones; I sometimes, when I can, revisit a church and rephotograph the monuments.
County Last Revision Details  
Bedfordshire 21-04-19 Chalgrave added  
Berkshire 24-01-21 One church added  
Buckinghamshire 18-01-21 One church added  
Bristol 16-08-21 Minor addition  
Cambridgeshire 1 (A-K) 20-05-19 Cambridgeshire has now been divided into two part; one church added  
Cambridgeshire 2 (L-W)  
Cambridgeshire - Ely   Ely Cathedral Completed  
Cheshire 08-10-12 One church with several monuments added.  
Cornwall 02-12-18 Re-edited. I have finally replaced the unsatisfactory photographs I  took.
Cumberland 04-07-19 New! Cumberland at last but only one church and one monument
Derbyshire 24-01-21 New photographs for Kedleston
Dorset 1 (A-F)
25-02-22 One church added - part 1
Dorset 2 (G-M)
Dorset 3 (M-P)  
Dorset 4 (S-W)
Devon 1 (A-B) 01-06-22  One church added: West Down with a wooden effigy and a monument from during the Civil War period.
I have replaced many of the Tawstock monument photographs with new (and better) ones.
Devon 2 (C-E)  
 Devon 3 (E-H)  
Devon 4 (I-M)  
Devon 5 (N-S)  
Devon 6 (T-W)
Devon-Exeter 07-10-18 This link will take you to City of Exeter Churches Page and from there you can reach the Exeter Cathedral Page. NB This latter page is long: be patient! It is also not quite finished although all the photographs (bar two) are in position  
Durham County 1
 ( A - C)
03-03-22 Thee churches added (County 2) Good medieval lady  
Durham County 2
(D - N )
Durham County 3
((0) - (Z))
Durham - City
Essex 1 (A-H) 30-04-23 One church - three oak knights; drawings have been added previosly.  
Essex 2 (H-W)  
Gloucestershire - Tewkesbury Abbey 02-09-19 Separated and on line  
Gloucestershire - 1 23-03-22 The county page has now been divided into two and many new photographs added.
Several photographs added to the Cathedral; the original City page has been divided into two parts: Cathedral abd City proper. Goucester has been correctly named Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire - 2  
Gloucester City  
Gloucester Cathedral  
Hampshire 1 (A-K) 09-05-23 One  church, two medieval effigies added (Hampshire 3)  
Hampshire 2 (L-T)  
Hampshire 3 (U-S)
Hampshire 4 (T-Z)
Hampshire - City of Winchester 21-11-18 Winchester Cathedral has now been redesigned with re-edited photographs. Notes on King Alfred's Tomb and The Mortuary Chests are, as before, on separate pages; but now the ledger stones are also on a separate page. This is a long page: please be patient!
Herefordshire 1 (A-C) 03-12-22 Herefordshire has been divided into three parts with many more photographs. Parts 1 and  2 uploaded; part 3 on 03-12-22  
Herefordshire 2 (D-K)
Herefordshire 3 (L-F)
Hereford Cathedral 26-11-21 Now on line as complete as possible to date
Hertfordshire 22-05-18 Kings Langley added  
Huntingdon & Peterborough 19-10-21 Marholm church added (Soke of Peterborough): a good selection of monuments. Beautiful church with an interesting churchyard
Kent County and  Cathedrals 06-03-22 At last another church in Kent! Two interesting monuments and the bones and teeth of a lady saint  
Lancashire 22-02-20 A few monuments added
Leicestershire  11-12-20 Ashby de la Zouch added  
Lincolnshire 1(A-C)

Lincolnshire 3 is now on line, so essentially the County of Lincolnshire is finished to date. However many of the photographs are unsatisfactory and too small. Hopefully these can be corrected in the future and more churches added  
Lincolnshire 2(D-L)  
Lincolnshire 3(M-Z)  
Lincolnshire - City & Cathedral  
London - The City I 16 -10-20 Temple Church completed  
London - The City II (St Pauls) 19-02-21 St Paul's Cathedral Complete to date  
London - The City III (Other Churches) 24-01-21 Two churches added but very few photographs
County Last Revision Details
London - Wandsworth 21-05-19 Back on line
London - Westminster - 1 15-10-20 Completed - Chapel of Edward the Confessor
London - Westminster - 2 15-10-20 South ambulatory and chapels; more images needed
London - Westminster - 3 15-10-20 Remainder of Westminster Abbey - all I have to date
London - Westminster - 4 15-10-20 St Margaret's only
London - Kensington & Chelsea 06-11-20 This is now completed to date. I will add Amanda's photographs when I have located them.
Northamptonshire 26-10-19 Revised and on line but no new material
Northumberland 31-12-20 Several churches added
Nottinghamshire 24-11-19 One church, one photograph, four effigies.
More, eventually, to follow hopefully
Norfolk 07-05-23 Three churches added
Norfolk - Norwich 23-02-19 This links to Norwich which I have moved from Norfolk to a separate page. A link from here to  Norwich Cathedral. Norfolk will be redone in due course
Oxfordshire 24-01-21 A few new slabs at Dorchester-on-Thames
Rutland 24-01-21 Exon church complete to date: very fine monuments
Shropshire (A-H) 29-09-19 Burford church added - many monuments. (Pt 1)
Shropshire 2 (K-M)
Shropshire 3 (N-W)
Somerset 1 (A,B) 12-05-23  Somerset 5: unusual effigy added
Somerset 2 (C)
Somerset 3 (D-G)
Somerset 4 (H-M)
Somerset 5 (N-S)
Somerset 6 (T-Y)
Somerset - Wells
Staffordshire 03-11-19 Back on line, revised but no new material 
Suffolk 1 (A-E) 24-01-21 Two churches added ,(part 2)
Suffolk 2 (F-W)
Surrey 09-12-19 A short note on dating military effigies added added
Sussex 22-12-19 Amanda Miller send me a number of photographs of Chichester a while ago but I have only just found them. They are now on line, replacing in very many cases my old photographs and adding a few more
Warwickshire 18-01-21 Two churches added
Westmorland 26-03-19 Two photographs from Lowther added. Thanks to whoever sent them!
Wiltshire 07-06-18 Wiltshire has been divided into two parts (plus Salisbury)
Worcestershire 17-02-14 This county has been re-edited and is now on line.
Worcester Cathedral 26-02-20 Back on line. Unfortunately the photographs I took some years ago are little better than thumb nails but I have tried to improve them; the originals were on the corrupted Phillips (bain of my life) disc and lost. I have added several etchings and photographs taken by John Physick some years ago.
Yorkshire: City of York: The Minster 24-03-19 The city now has its own page: I have redesigned it but was unable to enlarge the photographs.
Yorkshire: City of York Churches 24-11-20 Complete to date
Yorkshire: East Riding - 1
17-02-22 The East Riding has been divided into three separate pages with new and replacement photographs. I hope to visit again in the Autumn
Yorkshire: East Riding - 2
Yorkshire: East Riding - 3
Yorkshire: North Riding 1 (A-E) 24-01-21 One church added...Part 3. Few monuments there

Yorkshire: North Riding 2 (F-H)
Yorkshire: North Riding 3 (I-M)
Yorkshire: North Riding 4 (N-S)
Yorkshire: North Riding 5
Yorkshire: West Riding 1  (A-G) 10-12-20  
Yorkshire: West Riding 2 (H-N)
Yorkshire: West Riding 3
Yorkshire: West Riding 4

Other Related Pages
Glossary  of various terms relating to churches, architecture, monuments etc. Some additions and revisions (10-02-23) 1. Visiting Churches & Obtaining Permissions (05-01-21)
Books & References (27-01-23) Completed to date although more may be added later.. This is not a review page but a sometimes light hearted look at books of the past 2. Taking Photographs in Churches  (18-01-21)
  3. A History of Photography (19-03-22)  I often wondered about this so here is the continuation of the story taken  from many - sometimes conflicting - sources and distilled.
The Musings of a Monuments Man (formerly The Blog)  (26-03-22) 7. Drawing the Line (22-07-21)       


A request: I have very few photographs of monuments in Scotland and those I have are rather poor. I'd be very grateful if someone could please send me some. I will add some drawings later but these are nowhere near the standard of those I have for English monuments.

Scotland I
(Argyll and Bute, Old)
29-04-21 One photograph added and minor amendments   Scotland  Overview
(Initial Outline)
22-07-21 The was the outline, an intial attempt to overview the monuments. Counties are progressively being moved to their separage pages
Scotland 2
(The Lothians)
22-07-21 This is finished as far as I can go at the moment   Scotland 3
(Fife, Forfarshire)
22-07-21 This is only the material transferred from the overview with a few additions. In progress.
These are impossible to read but give the general idea.
A readable version may be found here.
The original shires or counties of Scotland, as shown on the above left hand map, were established in the middle ages and used for administration purposes until 1975. They were originally established for judicial purposes, each shire being the territory over which the sheriff had jurisdiction. Sounds like the Wild West! In 1975 local government became based on council areas, which sometimes incorporated old county names but often with very different boundaries. These are shown on the above map to the right and, as can be seen, there are far fewer of them than of the old counties and the areas covered are thus much larger, sometimes vastly so.
The old counties are still used for land registration and lieutenancy areas but these are not entirely identical.
If I ever am able to cover more of Scotland, I am uncertain how to divide it. I will, for example, put the Hebrides in a separate group. These islands were once part of three separate counties: they are now part of two. However I think geography, rather than administration, fits our purpose far better.

Another request: I have few photographs of monuments in Wales, a great pity as there are many fine ones. I'd be very grateful if someone could please send me some.

Historic Counties Preserved Counties New Counties
Ah, the good old days!
Vinyl records, film cameras, slide rules.
Where have all the counties gone?
I had a friend in Flintshire; can't find her now!
They're back, sort of.
Why make it easy when you can make it hard!

Wales presents a problem with the counties. There used to be thirteen counties which were around for hundreds of years, and are now called 'historic counties'. Then in the 1970's the powers-that-be reduced the number to eight, which might be called 'super-counties'; then in the 1990's they were increased to twenty-two, some of which were counties and others county boroughs. Some of the old names from the thirteen came back, although (as might be expected) with boundary changes
. The 'super-counties' are still sort of in use but for what is amusingly called 'ceremonial purposes', although they are called oddly 'preserved counties'

Denbighshire 01-03-20 Back on line: to celebrate St David's Day  
Flintshire 02-02-20 Back on line but not a lot of material  

Monmouthshire 15-02-22 I have renewed the photographs taken in Abergavenny and added several more
Pembrokeshire 29-02-20 Back on line but there are only two churches; lots of monuments, however

Clicking on a Région (Original Regions) will, in most cases, take you to the Index Page of that région, where the individual Départments are listed; clicking on the relevant départment will then take you to that départment's page, where you will find the various communes and monuments.
In some cases there is further information when the region corresponds with an old province.
Note: Not all of these links work yet - usually if not dated - but are gradually being added
St Denis, which has a large number of monuments, is split between a number of pages
A new départment added, Eure-et-Loire, but only one monuments at the moment
Pays de la Loire 07-11-21 Drawing of the monument in the Abbaye des Fontenelles added. Vendée. Photographs of the effigy of Raymond VII of Toulouse at Fontevraud Abbey added. As this was excavated in the 1980's you might justifiably say 'about time too!
Ile de France 01-01-18 Saint-Denis complete
The Louvre (link) 19-08-18 A collection of monumental sculpture from demolished churches from the 14th to 17th centuries. Mostly just the effigies - or even the busts - may remain.
Basilica of St Denis (link) 25-07-21 Several drawings of lost monuments and parts of monuments have been added. Follow the links
Limousin 02-0-21 Two interesting monuments added
Auvergne 27-08-21 The third department - the one with the most monuments - is complete.
Aquitaine 22-07-21 Minor alterations
Brittany 04-06-22 One worn incised slab added (Côte d'Amor)
Normandy 28-08-21 This will now take you to an index page: Normandy has been split into its départments with a page from each. One church added
Poitou-Charentes 14-01-23 Cenotaph of Sir John Chandos in Vienne
Burgundy 23-0-21 Fragments from Cluny Abbey added (Sôane-et-Loire)
Picardy 27-09-16 One fragment - a knight's head. But it's a start!
Midi-Pyrenese 29-05-22 A few monuments added in Lot
Rhône-Alpes 03-08-21  New pages:Ain is the only départment we have visited. Very fine monuments.
Lost Monuments 25-07-21 A new page showing drawings, and other renderings, of French Monuments lost mainly during the Revolution. An ongoing page

Venice  - Modified 24-11-20
Amanda's excellent collection of photographs from Venice. The monuments are magnificent -  or overblown - depending on your personal opinion. Whatever that is they are certainly massive and the work of the sculptors is superb.

    15/11/20  I
have now revised and improved this page, although there is very little new material. A trip to Bruges is needed!
A small collection of photographs taken in the Low Countries
 and Germany by the late Dr John Physick . I have not yet located these

Dr Jean Wilson

Monuments to the Translators of the  Authorised Version of the Bible - the King James Bible. (on line again 03-06-19)
J K Bromilow MInspP Monuments to the Regicides (04-06-19) I began this page several years ago but never finished it; still unfinished, I have revised the page and finally uploaded it. I will upload revisions at intervals as I gather information and add corrections.