YORKSHIRE - THE NORTH RIDING - 1
 Alne   Amotherby  Ampleforth   Appleton-le-Street   Bedale  Bulmer  Catterick  Coverham Abbey Coxwold  Crathorne   Croft  Danby Wiske  East Harlsey  Eryholme       
 
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Alne - St Mary
Park outside church. The church was unlocked when we visited but this may not necessarily always be the case.
O/S Ref: SE 495 654

Above & right: Early 14th century effigy of a lady. North chapel. Said to be a member of the Elleker family.
The pillasters are 18th century

Other Monuments

1. John Kitching Matterson (1842) White tablet on black marble base.

2. Harold Edward Keyes Vicar 1917-1941 . Black tablet

3. William John Ford (1950) Vicar 1942-1944
Above: Rev William Braithwaite MA  (1871), Vicar 1850-1870.  Right 1.  John Pearson (1695) Note the hand holding a money bag at the apex.  Right 2. William John Bethel (1831)  Right 3. Edward (1862) & Eliza (1870) Strangwayes; their son E.S. (1877); his son John Swainston (1914)
signed: Skelton York

Amotherby - St Helen
The church is unlocked. Park nearby in village
 O/S Ref: SE 751 735



 
 
Far Left: Sir John Bordesdon (c. 1329) The shield is carved with Sir John's arms in relief.      Far Right: Coffin lid with foliated cross and Lombardic inscription: Ci git Willelm de Bordesdon. He died c. 1322.
The above monuments are on either side of the chancel; the fragments below are in the porch.  Coffin lid with foliated cross in relief: this is partly inside and partly outside the porch. Several other cross fragments

Ampleforth - St Hilda
Church unlocked. You may be able to park in the church hall car park behind the church
 O/S Ref: 583 786


Left: A very curious monument of about 1330. A female figure looks over the shoulder of the male figure; they are carved from the same block. Was it ever recumbent? Although sometimes called a 'male civilian' he appears to be wearing a mail shirt, the collar and cuffs of which can just be seen. Set into the west wall under the tower. On the figure's left side is written: Wilhelmus de [Jarpenville] although the surname is no longer legible.
Above left: 'In this Church yard, lie the Remains of Thomas Nicholson...' (1787) aged 33; John Nicholson (1790) age 18; John Nicholson (1798) - father of Thomas and grandfather of John. '...who left this vain world...' Age 73. Centre top: George Sootheran (1907). Centre bottom: Cpt William Easterby (1836) 'late of the 3rd Draggon Guards'; his wife Hannah (1838); their daughter, Lydia (1864). Right: 'In this church lay the remains of...'  Thomas Sootheran (1812); his wife Ruth (1858); daughter Ann (1828) age 21; their grandson Charles John (1833) age 1. Below is a small wooden tablet to Maud Mary Worthy (1969) '...a bequest to improve the heating...'

Appleton-le-Street - All Saints
Turn off the main road onto a track which is signposted to the church. Turn into  the signposted 'church car park/church yard' and park on the grass. Church open. A beautiful and friendly church which is well worth a visit: drinks are provided. The church has a 10th century tower. The ladies are on either side of the chancel.
O/S Ref: SE 735 786





Left & above top:Lady with open mantle, the folds falling vertically, c. 1300. Possibly Alienore de Boulton, grandmother of Sir Thomas de Boulton, who founded the chantry in 1364.

Right & above bottom: 
On this lady the folds fall across as well, early 14th century. Either Hawise de Boulton (mother of the above Sir Thomas) or Clementia de Boulton or Alice de Boulton (one of his two wives)
 

Bedale - St Gregory
A friendly church with much of interest. Church unlocked. Limited parking outside; otherwise park in the town
(free disc parking - obtain disc from any shop) or in  pay car park. O/S Ref: SE 266 885
































Medieval Knights and a Lady at Bedale: Key
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
Knight 1. Late 14th Century: Note shield with carved heraldry Same Brian Fitzalan
Knight 2. Later 14th Century Same As above: side view
Sir Brian Fitzalan. (1306) Early 14th century. Note shield with carved heraldry. Not alabaster: Magnesium Limestone Same Lady Muriel
Muriel, 1st wife of Sir Brian Fitzalan. Early 14th century. Same in foreground: Sir Brian appears in background Knight 1.
  Feet of Brian and Muriel  
  Sir Brian, shield  
  Sir Brian portrait  

 
 Henry Pierse (1824) &his daughter, Harriet Elizabeth. by Richard Westmacott. South Aisle Above and below centre: Brian de Thornhill (1343) Rector. Priest in mass vestments. He founded  a chantry in the church. North chapel. The tomb chest itself was probably that of Sir Brian Fitzalan   Jane Gowland (1821)
Signed: R Davies Sculpᵗ N.CASTLE
 Thomas Jackson (1529) Black marble with incised effigy and inscription. A Bedale merchant. North aisle floor.

Daina (1780) 12 weeks, Jemima (1787) 7 months, Frances (1794) 19 years, Anne Yeoman (1802) 24 years. Daughters of Randolph Marriott


Richard Lambert (1610)
Latin inscription. He was the first master of Christ's Hospital at Firby, founded in 1608. North aisle

Other Monuments

John Wilson (1681) Latin text

        

William Bucktrout (1855) and two wives Jane (1810) and Elizabeth (1847)
Thomas  Prince Fothergill MD JP (1910)  40 years practitioner in this town. Brass.
James Williamson (1806) local solicitor, and his second wife Elizabeth (1823) White tablet, black base
James Williamson (1885), Ann Philis Williamson (1857), Mary Williamson (1872) Son and two daughters of the above. Identical tablet
Thomas Bucktrout (1871) White tablet with gable on black base
Mary Ann Peirse (1850)  White tablet with gable on black base
Christoper Wyvill (1863) Rear Admiral of the Red. White tablet on black base
Sir John Poo Berestford Baronet KCB CCH CCTS (1844) Admiral of the White. White tablet with curved top on black base
Adelhide Mary Lucy (1884) Wife of Henry Monson de la Poer Beresford-Peirse And infant daughter Ethel May (1881)Aged 2 months. Gothick brass
Lt Gen Sir Noël Monson de la Poer Beresford-Peirse CB DSO (1953) Colonel Commandant Royal Artillery. Brass with arms and badge
Admiral Sir Richard Henry Peirse KCB KBE MVO DL JP (1940) Black tablet
Isaac Askey (1874) and his wife Susannah (1863) White tablet on black
Henry William de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1859) and his wife Henrietta Anne Theodosia (1921) White tablet with gable on black base.
Arthur de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1886) Second son Died age 34. Brass
Lt Col William John de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1917) Third son of the above. And his wife Mary (1939) Brass
Evelyn de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1859)
Fourth son . Died of diphtheria at 5. Similar to above but smaller
Reginald de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1883) Fifth son. White tablet on black
2nd Lt Thomas Chambers de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1911) Son of Lt Col etc. Died Karachi, India at 20. Brass
2nd Lt John Raymond de la Poer Beresford-Peirse (1944) KIA at 19
Archibald Campbell (1837) White sarcophagus on black base
William Dinsdale (1860) and Mary _ (worn)  White tablet surmounted by book and cross on black base
Henry Percy Pulpeine (186_) White tablet on black background. Obscured.
Cpt John Hinks (1812) Royal Artillery White tablet on black backbround
Thomas Plews (1871) Buried at Thornton Watlass. White tablet with fleur-de-lys top border on black base.
William Thomas Sherwood (1862) White tablet on black background
George Herring (1870) Soicitor  White tablet on black background
John Buckle (1866) White tablet on black background
Margaret Theakstone (1849) and her husband William Theaksone (1851) For 51 years practised as a surgeon in Bedale. White tablet on black background
William Swann (1861) White tablet on black background
A black tablet with obliterated inscription
Elizabeth Anne Monson (1859) White tablet with gable on black background. Her husband's mument follows:
Rev John Joseph Thomas Monson (1861) Rector. White tablet with gable on black background
Ann Shepley Monson (1818) Wife of the Rector, Thomas Monson. White tablet on black background
Hon & Rev Thomas Monson (1843) 47 years Rector of Bedale. White tablet on black background
Sarah Monson (1865) widow of the above Thomas. White tablet with gable on black background


Bulmer - St Martin
Church open during normal hours. Park in road outside
O/S Ref: SE 700 676

Left: Late 13th century knight. Arms carved in relief on shield
Above: Slab with cross and sword in low relief; this is below the knight.
Both of the monuments have been cemented into the north wall of the nave and dissappear behind the pulpit; however,  they appear to have been cut to size to fit.
Above: William I'Anson's drawing of the Bulmer effigy 
He states that it is of Sir John Bulmer and dates it c 1270

Right left:
Christopher Thompson (1748) who 'wrought in brass and iron for forty-five years for the third and fourth Earls of Carlisle...'

Right centre:
Rev Charles Preston (1800) rector; 'his beloved consort' Elizabeth (1829); their sons: James (1797), Charles (1802), George (1813) & Edward (1822)

Right right:  Anne Plummer (1856)

Catterick - St Anne
Church open. Park (free) in the village street from where a sort walk to the church O/S Ref: SE 240 980


Knight, late 14th century. Note the unusual feature: he carries no sword although there is a sword belt, although this was also worn as a decorative feature in civilian effigies. (cf the similarly dated effigy at Kirklington, but he  carries a shield).   Said to be Sir Walter of Urswick, Chief Forester of Swaledale and Constable of Richmond Castle.




 Brass to  William Burgh (1492) & Elizabeth now wall mounted on wood. : Brass to William Burgh (1442) & his son, also William (1465) The pew to which Pevsner refers must now have been removed.
The first William built the church; the third was his grandson.

Sir Henry Lawson Bt (1854). John (1782) & Thomas (1777) Booth. ...'ye Revd: Mr MICH: SYDDAL late vicr of Cathericke...'   A benefactor, he left £500 for the founding of a hospital for six poor widows, a free school and a small chapel, as well as a salary for a master to teach 'gratis' and read morning and evening prayer.  Brevet Major William Calvert Booth. (1900) KIA commanding the Northumberland Fusilier Company Mounted Infantry, Bloemfontein, South Africa.  Charles Anthony, vicar 1660-85. Inscription in Latin.
. Richard Braithwaite (1673) court poet.  Christopher Barker (1779), his wife Martha, their daughter Elizabeth Shutt (1770), their grand daughter Mary Shutt (1786), their daughter Mary Kirkby (1790) and his sister Alice Hawxwell (1791).  Dame Catherine Lawson (1824) Sir Henry Lawson (1854)  Anastasia Strickland Standish (1807) Eldest daughter of Sir John Lawson
Other Monuments
John Bainbridge Booth (1891)  Gothick
Lt John Lionel Calvert Booth (1915) 2nd Batt Australian Imperial Force. Died of wounds. Buried at sea. White tablet on black base.
Sgt John Lionel Calvert Booth & Wng Comm Arthur Frank Calvert Booth. Sons of the above. 'gave their lives in World War II. No dates. White tablet on black base.
Grace Beleingham (1594) This is a wall mounted brass on a wooden back which could be a coffin plate. The text is in Latin but curiously Arabic rather than Roman numerals are used.
Reginald Calvert-Booth (1954) of Uruguay. 3rd son of William C Booth of Oram
John James Moubray (1928) and his wife May Marianne (1952), daughter of William C Booth of Oram. Aisle restored by their seven children
Rifleman William George Swadling (1918) DOW at Chaulness. White tabler with black background '...erected by A/ Lt-Col E R Kewley in grateful recognition of his service.'
Walter Llewellyn Fry BCL MB (1912) Red brown tablet with floral surround
Margaret Earle (1925) wooden tablet with black and red lettering

Coverham Abbey
The ruins of Coverham Abbey are in private ownership and no longer accessible. These two effigies are set against a wall near the Georgian house also called Coverham AbbeyI took some photographs in the 1980's when when I was able to gain access but these have deteriorated although I have recently found the negatives which I will process in due course. There is a torso of a third effigy which I did not find. For the moment I am posting I'Anson's drawings.
O/S Ref: SE 107 863

Late 13th century   Early 14th century

Coxwold - St Michael


   Laurence Sterne (1768)
was an Irish novelist and Anglican clergyman, the author of The Life and Times of Tristam Shady and other works. He was awarded the vicarship of Sutton-on-the-Forest and later presented to the living of Stillington, both in the North Riding; he was also a prebendary of York Minster. He ran both parishes but later turned them over  to a curate to become a full time writer. He had a house at Coxwold.
   He died in his lodgings in London and was buried in St George's Churchyard, Hanover Square in that city. However, the story is told that his body was quickly stolen by the 'Resurrectionists', body thieves who were employed by anatomists during the 18th and 19th centuries to supply them with corpses for teaching and research purposes. Only bodies of executed criminals were permitted to be used for this purpose rendering the supply of 'legal' corpses for this important purpose was quite insufficient.The passing of the Anatomy Act partly corrected this problem.   It is said that his body was taken to Cambridge University where it was recognised by Charles Collington, Professor of Anatomy, and promptly returned for reburial in an unmarked site in the churchyard.
   A year later a group of Freemasons erected a memorial stone to Sterne but at his original burial site; this was replaced by a second stone, correcting some factual errors in 1893.
  In 1969 St George's Churchyard was redeveloped and 11,500 skulls were unearthed and reburied. Sterne's skull was recognised by being matched to a bust of him executed by Nollekens his life time. Some bones nearby and the skull were then reinterred in the churchyard at Coxwold.
  To the left is what appears to be the first stone, with a note on its removal to Yorkshire from London to the left; this latter is enlarged on the right.
  There are certainly rather a number of unlikely incidents in this tale. There is yet another (see below) tale of a body - but this time without its head - making the journey form London to Coxwold .
 
Mary Webster


Left: Monuments to members of the Bellasis family. Above: Thomas Bellasis, Earl of Fauconberg (1700) Shown with his son. White marble. Below: Sir William Bellasis (1604) and Margaret (Fairfax) (1571). Three sons kneel below and a son and daughter kneel at the sides. Signed: Thomas Browne did carve this tombe him self alone of Hessalwood stone, He began the conversion of the priory buidings, bought by his uncle, into a family home.

Note: The name is sometimes rendered Belasyse; also Fauconberg is sometimes spelled Falconbridge
Also:
1.
Thomas Bellasis, 1st Viscount Fauconberg (1653) and his wife, Barbara (Cholmley) (1619) . Two life sized effigies kneel towards the east. Simple architecture with the inscription in Latin. Gray and white marble by Nicholas Stone. His eldest son Henry predeceased him in 1647 and his son, Thomas inherited the title. The first viscount was a Royalist during the War of the Three Kingdoms as was his son Henry; Henry's son, Thomas, who was raised to the Earldom, was, in contrast, a Parliamentarian and married Oliver Cromwell's daughter, as mentioned above.
2.
Henry Bellasis, 2nd Earl of Fauconberg (1802) No effigy. The earldom became extinct on his death.

A Tale of Newburgh Priory

    To the south of the village of Coxwold is Newburgh Priory now a stately home but once an Augustinian Priory. Anthony Bellasis, who, with his brother, had been responsible for the dissolution of a number of monastic houses in the North of England, purchased the priory from King Henry VIII after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. His nephew, Sir William Bellasis, began the conversion of the priory into domestic buildings. In the 17th century, a descendant, Thomas Bellasis, who became Earl of Fauconberg, married Mary Cromwell, daughter of Oliver, the Protector. His somewhat ostentatious monument is shown above but Mary (and her sister Frances) are buried in St Nicholas, Chiswick, where they had lived in later years, with no monument.
    Oliver Cromwell, with his nephew Henry Ireton and John Bradshaw, the judge who presided over the trial of King Charles I, had been buried, with other Parliamentarians and their families, in Westminster Abbey, but at the Restoration the new king, Charles II ordered that their bodies be removed from their graves, hanged at the Tyburn gallows and then beheaded on the anniversary of the execution of his father. The bodies were buried in a common pit at Tyburn but their heads displayed on poles on the top of Westminster Hall. Oliver's head was blown down in a gale and rescued, although not returned, by a passer by. The head eventually found its way  to the  rightful authorities and identified as that of the Protector. This disgraceful tale is told elsewhere on this website.
   The contemporary accounts of Oliver Cromwell's funeral are difficult to interpret, partly because the various accounts differ and partly because the language used is sometimes quite ambiguous, but we can be now almost certain that the head that found its way onto the top of Westminster Hall was certainly that of the late Protector. However almost immediately following Oliver's burial - and the coffin carried at his funeral did not contain his body which had been buried earlier - rumours began to be circulated and by the eighteenth century were widely discussed and developed in print. Many of these were fantastic and almost all certainly untrue. For example, there was the tale that the bodies of Oliver and Charles I had been swapped around at some point and that the body hanged at Tyburn was that of the late King, undergoing a second execution; this tale, from the start a fanciful one, was later dismissed when the vault containing Charles I, as well as Henry VIII and Jane Seymore, was discovered. Charles's coffin was opened and his body and head  found sewn back together. Another rumour was that the Protector had been buried in a deep and unmarked grave on the battle field of Naseby; this more reasonable tale can also be dismissed now the head has been identified.   
   However another tale cannot be dismissed so lightly. This tells us that the head indeed was hacked off and displayed on Westminster Hall but Mary Cromwell, to whom we have referred above, bribed the 'executioner' or the guards to release her father's body, which she carried off to her home, Newburgh Priory, where it was deposited in a stone vault in the attic. Visitors to the house, which is open to the public,are probably shown this vault but the owners over the years have steadfastly refused to open it so this tale cannot be neither confirmed or refuted. A possible but, I think, highly unlikely story mainly because  it appears to date back only to the 19th century.


Crathorne - All Saints

   





The modern brass inscription above tells us that this is the effigy of Sir William de Crathone killed at Neville's Cross. The effigy is cetainly 14th century and there is a record of his wife, Isabel, applying for probate of his will declaring that he had  gone into the church before he started for the war and there made his last testament.

The arms of Crathorne are argent a saltire sable 5 crosses paty or. Something similar can just be made out on the shield in the photograph but I have not seen it.
 



A number of cross slabs, some with swords, set into the wall under the tower.
            

Thomas Lionel Dugdale
1st Baron Crathorne (1997
And his wife, Nancy Crathorne OBE (1969)
'Underdeath lyeth the Body of RALPH CRATHORN Ld of NESS, of PLOWLAND, of WELWICK & THORPE JUXTA WELWICK, who died April 19, 1755' James Lionel Dugdale (1941)
and his wife
Maud Violet Dudale (1940)
A Deacon, very worn with head badly placed under a table!

Neville's Cross (1364)
A Battle of the Second Scottish War of Independance
  
   It was in the early years of the Hundred Year's War between England and France that the French King, Philip of Valois or Philip VI, called on King David II of Scotland to invade England, according to the terms of the Auld Alliance. Philip's aim clearly was to divert troops from France to deal with the Scottish invasion so weakening the position of King Edward III and his armies in France.
   King David and his army marched into England and met the English army - half the size of the Scottish one - at Neville's Cross within sight of Durham Cathedral. The English were under the overall command of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville, with the aid of Henry Percy, 2nd Baron Percy and William Zouche, who, believe it or not, was Archbishop of York.
   The Scots were utterly defeated, suffering very heavy losses: their leaders were either captured - as was King David himself - or killed. Ralph Neville had a new cross constructed - which may be seen today - to celebrate the victory.
   King Philip's plan failed totally or at least for him: the eventual ransom terms of King David led to a forty year border truce between England and Scotland, much to the advantage of King Edward but also, I expect, to the ordinary folk living on either side of the border.


Croft - St Peter
 

Left: Alfred Henry Chaynor KC (1931) Above left: Elizabeth Catharine Milbanke (1820) (2nd daughter of Sir John Penistone Milbanke and Eleanor) Above centre: Cornelia Milbanke (1795) Above right: Sir William Chanter Bt (1871) Right: Lewis Carroll (1898) His father was rector of Croft when he was a boy. He is buried in Guildford Cemetery, where he died.
 

Other Monuments
Esther Jane Travis (1865)  Third daughter of Rev James Dalton, late rector of Croft. White tablet with decorated gable on black base
Maria Dalton (1858) Widow of Rev James Dalton. White tablet with decorated gable on black base
John Dalton (1854) Second son of Rev James. White tablet with decorated gable on black base
Rev James Dalton (1845) 57 years rector of Croft. White tablet with  gable on black base
Elizabeth Marshall (1897) In her memory the pulpit was dedicated by her children, one of whom was the Rector
Eleanor Milbanke (1819) Oval white tablet on black rectangular base

Danby Wiske  
(no dedication)
Despite the rather off putting council notices on the gate to the churchyard, the friendly church is open. Park in the lane leading to the church 
O/S Ref: SE 339 983

Effigy of a lady early 14th century but recut. Said to be Matilda, widow of Brian Fitz Alan  of  Bedale (c 1340) (q.v.) and daughter of John Balliol, the Scots King. The effigy was used as a lintel over the bell tower door and moved to present position in 1939.

East Halsey - St Oswald
Park outside but the church is locked: you will need to apply to the church for the key
O/S Ref: SE 426 908

Above and right:   Effigy said to be of Sir Geoffrey Hotham (1326) Note the bare head and the surcoat with long sleeves. Face recut. Cf Bedale above.  Right centre:   13th century slab said to be of William Sawcock and Wife. Note the Calvery Cross and military equipment: sword, shield and other items. Right far: 12th century grave slab. Note the sheep shears .

Eryholme  -  St Mary
 


Grave covers - and other fragments - set into the wall of the church porch

 
 
 

The photographs on the North Riding pages are mainly by the Web Master with a number contributed by Jean MaCreanor and by Richard Collier
The etchings are by T&G Hollis; the drawings by William I'Anson and a few by the Webmaster
 
 
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