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Westminster Abbey
 Part II: The South Ambulatory & Associated Chapels
The South Ambulatory  Chapel of St Nicholas   Chapel of St Edmund   Chapel of St Benedict
Chapel of St Edmund & St Thomas
(St Edmund was king of East Anglia and the St Thomas is Thomas Becket)

16) William de William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke (1296) 
The tomb is the only English example of Limoges champlevé enamel work. The effigy and tomb chest are of oak and once were both covered by enamelled copper plates, mostly now lost from the chest (save five shields)although thankfully not from the effigy.  There are also a number of shields on the stone base of the monument.
 He was the son of Isabelle of Angoulême, King John's widow, and her second husband Hugh X of Lusignon, Count of Marche , and hence half brother to King Henry III.  In addition to his French holdings, he aquired vast estates in England and Ireland by his marriage to Joan, who was co-heir of the Marshals, Earl of Pembroke.

 4) John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall (1336) was the second son of Edward II and was three times regent when his brother Edward III was absent from the kingdom, although, dying at nineteen, he was a teenager. Alabaster effigy and tomb chest, probably by the same artist who made Edward II's effigy in Gloucester Cathedral. Note the weepers around the tomb chest in  the top tier of canopies, those on the north side being better preserved.  The lower tier contains shields. The canopy was broken in 1776 and unfortunately removed.

5) William of Windsor (1348) & Blanche of the Tower (1342)

Children of King Edward III. William died from the plaque at three months and Blanche also died young. They are, however, represented as children rather than babies in these effigies, as is curiously often the case. See also William of Hatfield in York Minster.
Purbeck marble tomb chest with alabaster effigies by John Orchard of London. A brass is lost from the ledge as well as small figures within the upper row of the two tiers of panels of the tomb chest.


2) Robert de Waldeby or Waldby (1397),  Archbishop of York
, was an Augustinian Friar and a friend of the Black Prince. This fine brass was raised on a low dias in the late 19th century.    
 1) Eleanor de Bohun,  Duchess of Gloucester (1399) was the wife of Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, who was murdered on the orders of his nephew King Richard II in 1397. She was sister to Mary de Bohum, first wife of Henry Bolingbroke, who later (and after her death) became Henry IV. Fine brass on a low Pubeck marble tomb chest.
13) Sir Humphrey Bougchier (1471)
was killed at the Battle of Barnet fighting for Edward IV. The brass effigy on the low Purbeck marble table tomb is lost  but the helm and shields remain. On low tomb chest.

12) Sir Bernard Brocas (1395)
He was the father of another Sir Bernard who was executed in 1400 for conspiring against Henry IV and attempting to restored Richard II to the throne. 

A recessed altar tomb, with six quatrefoiled each with blank shield, with effigy and canopy. The effigy is of 'doubtful antiquity' (RCHM); the unlikely shield shown in the Stothard etching is now gone. The inscription above the effigy is of the eighteenth century and not correct, but the brass inscription on the edge of the tomb is original. All restored in the eighteenth century.

Other Monuments
3. Mary, Countess of Stafford (1694) She was created Countess of Stafford in her own right eight years after her husband's attainder for treason in 1680. Low tomb chest of white marble with moulded top slab
6. Frances, Duchess of Suffolk (1559) was the daughter of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, who had married Mary, daughter of Henry VIII and  widow of French King Louis XII. Frances married Henry Grey, 3rd Marquis of Dorset, who became Duke of Suffolk. Duchess Frances and Duke Henry became the parents of Lady Jane Grey, the Nine Day Queen. Lady Jane and her father Duke Henry were executed by Queen Mary I in 1551. Frances lived in poverty during the rein of 'Bloody Mary' but married, in 1557 (two years before she died) her groom of the chamber (Adrian Stokes) who erected this monument to her .
The effigy is of alabaster; the tomb chest has fluted Tuscan columns at the angles supporting an entablature, on which the slab of the tomb chest. The sides are divided into three bays, separated by pilasters, of which the middle bay contains an inscription and the outer bays - and the west end - display cartouches of arms. The effigy lies on a rolled rush mat with lion at the feet and lion at the feet. She wears a coronet  and French cap.
  Nearby is buried Lady Cumberland, Margaret, Countess of Derby (1596) but there appears to be no monument. She was the sister of Duchess Frances (above) She was accused of witchcraft and imprisoned by her cousin,  Queen Elizabeth I in 1590; when released she was forbidden to approach the court or live with her husband.
7. Francis Holles (1622)  He died at eighteen. Alabaster seated figure in Roman armour on a circular stone pedestal. By Nicholas Stone
8. Katherin Knollys (Caree) (1569) Sister of Lord Hunsdon and hence neice of Queen Anne Bolyn. Wife of Sir Thomas Knyollys. Wall monument of marble flanked by Corinthian pillars supporting an entablature with a broken pediment and cartouche-of-arms.
9. Jane Seymour (1560) She was the daughter of the Protector Somerset (Edward Seymour, brother of Queen Jane Seymour) and so cousin to Edward VI. She died aged nineteen. Wall monument in marble, flanked by two Corinthian pillars supporting an entablature with two crests and cartouche-of-arms on the cornice.
10. Elizabeth Russell (1601) Daughter of 11. Monument of black and white marbles. She sits upright, foot on a skull,  in a basket weave chair on a decorated pedestal.
11. Lord John Russell (1584) was son of the second Duke of Bedford. Sarcophagus and wall monument of various marbles. He reclines on his left elbow and his infant son, Francis, lies at his feet. Flanking the sarcophagus are two Corinthian pillars which support an entablature with cartouches of arms. The inscription is in Latin, English and Greek.
14. Sir Richard Pecksall (1571) and his two wives, Eleanor (Pawlett) and Eleanor (Cottgrave). Large marble wall monument with three arched recesses. His effigy, in armour, kneels between those of his two wives, each in their separate recesses. There are four small kneeling figures of his daughters by his first wife; they stand in a lower stage below their father.
15. Edward Talbot, 8th Earl of Shrewsbury (1618) & Countess Joan (Ogle) (1626) A Jacobean monument of various marbles with two recumbent effigies but with a kneeling effigy of their daughter  by her father. The iron grill (by William Wright) is lost. The elaborate sarcophagus  is surmounted by touch stone slab, supported by three ionic columns, on which lie the effigies, he in armour. The monument has a canopy of a high round arch. Several shields of arms. The monument was erected by the Countess.
FS Edward Herbert, Lord Herbert of Cherbury (1678) Floor slab
B Henry Ferne , Bishop of Chester (1662) Blue floor slab with brass

Wall Monuments
These wall monuments are labelled in the wall numbered 1, 2, 3 above the monument to Willaim  Blanche, children of Edward III
1. John Paul Howard, Earl of Stafford (1762) Grandson of 3. Tablet
2. Nicholas Monck, Bishop of Hereford (1661) Brother of double turncoast General George Monk. By W. Woodman and errected by the Bishop's grandson in 1723
3. Henry Howard, Earl of Stafford (1719)
Monuments not shown on Plan
A  Edward Buller-Lytton, First Baron Lytton (1873) Author of The Last Days of Pompeii and many other novels.  Floor slab in front of 10 and 11.
B Sir Fresheville Holles (1672) Naval hero, killed at Sole Bay. Unknown.

Chapel of St Nicholas

11) Elizabeth Cecil Wife of Sir Robert Cecil, son of William Cecil, Lord Burghley. Alabaster tomb with black marble slab, erected by her husband. 

10) Left & above: Philippa, Duchess of York (1433)
Philippa Mohun married as her third husband Edmund, 2nd Duke of York, son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke, who himself was son of King Edward III. Edmund was killed at the Battle of Agincourt and Philippa retained the Lordship of the Isle of Wight, which had been granted to her husband.
This was the earliest burial in the chapel
Other Monuments
1. Anne (Stanhope), Duchess of Somerset (1587) Widow of  Edward, Duke of Somerset, the Lord Protector, and hence sister-in-law to Queen Jane Seymour and Aunt of Edward VI.  Large monument of various coloured marble. Alabaster recumbent effigy, wearing a coronet and French cap, lying on sarcophagus, underneath a recessed arch with decorated soffit. The sarcophagus rests on a paneled plinth. Two further upper stages with arms, obelisks etc on the lower and a top stages with further obelisks and a castle with a lion atop holding a fireball. (the Stanhope arms)
2. Nicholas Carew, Baron Carew (1470) and Margaret  (Dingham) (1470) A Purbeck marble altar tomb; the brass and three shields  have been lost.
3.  Lady Elizabeth Fane (Spenser) (1618), wife of  Sir George. Wall monument of various coloured marbles with two full faced, kneeling figures with a prayer desk between.  Under a canopy flanked by Corinthian pillars which support an entablature with hanging curtains drawn back.. The superstructure has a draped achievement of arms and a broken pediment with a cartouche in the middle and two cherubs holding a crested helmet.
4. Nicholas Bagenhall (1688) Died at two months. Rectangular marble monument consisting a paneled pedestal with a cartouche-of-arms and a black pyramid surmounted by an urn. *
5 Mildred Cecil (Cooke), Lady Burghley (1589) & Ann, Countess of Oxford (1588) Respectively the wife of William, Cecil, Lord Burghley and their daughter. On a sarcophagus their are effigies of the mother and daughter and, on a tier above, a kneeling effigy of Lord Burghley, who was buried at Stamford, Lincolnshire. An effigy of the son, Robert Cecil, kneels at his mother's feet and her three granddaughters, Elizabeth, Bridget and Susannah, at there feet. 24 feet high and of coloured marbles.
6 William Dudley (or Sutton), Bishop of Durham (1483) Previously Dean of Windsor. The brass and inscription are lost.
7. Anna Sophia Harlay (1605) Infant daughter Christophe Harley, Count of Beaumont, French ambassador. A pyramid with vase containing her heart.
8. Winifred (Brydges), Marchioness of Winchester (1586)  Below her effigy figures of her children by her first husband (Sir Richard Sackville) kneel: Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst (the poet) and Anne, Lady Dacre (1595). Her second husband was John Paulet, 2nd Marquis of Winchester
9. Elizabeth Cecil, Countess of Exeter (1591) Above 8. This is only part of a monument - with a reclining figure - which was removed to make way for the Percy (Northumberland) monument. She was wife of William Cecil (afterwards Earl of Exeter) who was grandson of Lord Burghley. She was Baroness Ros in her own right
11. Elizabeth Cecil (1597) Daughter of Lord Cobham and wife of  Sir Robert Cecil (afterwards 1st Earl of Salisbury) son of Lord Burghley. Alabaster with black marble slab.
11a. Lady Jane Clifford (1679) Great granddaughter of Protector Somerset. Black marble with alabaster heads of cherubs in the corners. By J Bushnell. This is to the left of  11, labelled but not numbered
12. Isabella Suannah, Countess of Beverley (1812) Wall monument by J Nollekens
13. Sir George Villiers (1605) and Mary (Beaumont)(1632) White marble altar tomb with recumbent figures, by Nicholas Stone. Parents of  George, Duke of Buckingham
B. Sir Humphrey Stanley (1505) Brass in Purbeck marble slab with man in armour; three shields of arms with indents for two more shields.
FS Thomas Sprat, Bishop of Rochester
Monuments not shown on Plan
A Elizabeth, Duchess of Northumberland  (1776) In her own right was Baroness Percy etc and heiress of Earls of Northumberland; she married  Sir Hugh Smithson who took the name of Percy and was created Duke of Northumberland. The crowd appeared to have rioted at her funeral and said to have broken the canopy of the tomb of Jon of Eltham. Designed by R Adam and executed by N Read.  In the next bay to that of 10 travelling anti-clockwise
Chapel of St Benedict

2. Cardinal Simon de Langham (1376) Abbot of Westminster, later Chancellor of England and still later Archbishop of Canterbury. When he was made a cardinal he was obliged to resign as archbishop and he joined the Papal court. By Henry Yevele & Stephen Lote. Alabaster effigy wearing mass vestments and carrying crozier and pall; iron grid but the canopy was destroyed at the coronation of George I, but much of the brass inscription remains. There are a number of shields of arms in quatrefoils panels on the tomb chest.

Other Monuments
1. Frances Seymour (Howard), Countess of Hertford (1598) Wife of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, and sister to Lord Howard of Effingham, the Lord High Admiral who defeated the Spanish Amada. Combined wall monument and altar tomb of various marbles. Paneled altar tomb supports the effigy, wearing a French cap, which is  of flanked by two group of three Corinthian pillars. These pillars support an entablature and above each group is pavilion summoned by an obelisk. The back of the tomb has two tablets under arches springing from a central column. Above is a large centre piece with arms flanked by columns and surmounted by three obelisks.
3. George Sprat (1683) Son of Dr Thomas Sprat. Dean of Westminster.  (see above) Wall monument with three cherub heads, urn and blank shield of arms.
4. Dr Gabriel Goodman (1601) Dean of Westminster who addressed the House of Commons supporting the rights of Sanctuary at Westminster; in consequence they were supported in cases in debt only  (being suppressed in all other cases) until the reign of James I. Wall monument with low plinth, with inscription, on which the Dean  in skull cap and robes kneels at a prayer desk. In the wall at the back is a round arch with reset 13th century shafts with moulded capitols and bases. There is a painted shield of arms on the wall above the recess.
5. Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1645) and his wife, Anne (Bret). He was Lord High Treasurer under James I; impeached at the instigation of the Duke of Buckingham, he was later pardoned. Large altar tomb of touch and white marble with effigies. The tomb has paneled sides with baluster shapes pilasters at the corners; arms at the ends. He wears a coronet and a long fur robes with feet on an antelope; she also wears a coronet, holds a book with her feet resting on a griffin. Possibly by Nicholas Stone.
6. William Bill (1561) First Dean of Westminster after the Abbey was established as a collegiate church by Elizabeth I in 1560. Low altar tomb with brass figure with Latin epitaph; a brass around the edge of the tomb is lost
William de Curtlyngton (1333) Abbot of Westminster. He was buried under the altar but the brass and inscription are lost. Could this be the indent under 5 and 6?
Burials with no Monuments
  John Spottiswoode (1639) Archbishop of St Andrews, Scotland
  James Spottiswoode (1645) Bishop of Chester. Younger brother of the above

The Ambulatory

Above (north) is the Chapel of Edward the Confessor (partally shown) and below (south) the chapels above (not shown)
FS is Floor Slab and B is brass

5. Robert Aiton Wall monument of black and white marble by F. Fanelli. Oval recess containing draped bronze bust, flanked by standing figures of Apollo and Athena. Above is a curved pediment with two cherubs, cartouche of arms and a bronze inscription plate.
6. Sir Thomas Ingram PC, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and his daughter Mary (1651) Wall monument of stone and black and white marble consisting of plinth, inscribed pedestal and urn flanked by cherubs; inception panel at the top.
7. Richard Tufton (1631)  Wall monument of black and white marble with oval recess containing bust in armour. Flanking the recess are Ionic columns supporting an architrave with reclining figures of Mercury and Mars and a cartouche of arms.
9. Katherine (1257) aged five and four other children of Henry III; later in the same tomb were buried four children of Edward I.  Altar tomb of  Purbeck marble ( c. 1270) which was moved here from the Confessor's chapel to make room for that of Richard II(c. 1394). The front is of two bays, which had panels of marble,  flanked by pilasters which were formerly enriched with mosaic; the sides were similar. The top slab has a series of circles of marble or mosaic surrounded by interlacing bands of mosaic. Of Cosmateque work.
FS11. Dame Frances Apsley (1698)
FS12 Sir Allen Apsley (1683)
FS13. Sir Henry Spelman (1641) Antiquary
FS14. Anne Apsley (1681) Wife of Sir Peter
FS15 Allen Apsley (1691)
FS16. Sir Robert Anstruther (1645) Privy Councellor
FS17. Philip Ludlow (1650) who died at sea in Sephier, being in  command of the Brazeele merchant ships.
FS18 Lyonel Cranfield (1674) with defaced shield of arms.
FS19. Anne Cranfield (1669-70)
BIII. Thomas Bilson (1616) Bishop of Winchester. Brass - inscription only. One of the translators of the King James Bible.
BIV. Sir John Golofree (1369) Fragments only and indents of two shields. Rest defaced. Second husband of Philippa, Duchess of York. Large Purbeck marble slab; the original brass fragments are preserved in the Muniment Room.
I-VII. Defaced but probably Robert Harowden (1440) Abbot
I-VIII Of a figure, four shields and an inscription.
I-IX Of a figure etc. (No further information)
I-X. Defaced; rivets remain.
I-XI Defaced; rivets remain.
I-XII Defaced but of a bracket brass with figure and inscription. This may be that of Ralph Selby (1420) A Westminster monk who was buried south of King Sebert's tomb
Monuments not shown on Plan
  Robert Tounson (1621) Dean of Westminster then Bishop of Salisbury. Outside Chapel of St Edmund but no details.
Burials with no Monument
Richard de Berkyng Abbot of Westminster (1222-46) One of the witnesses of Magna Carta who held a number of offices of state. He was buried in the Old Lady Chapel and his remains were said to have been moved here on its demolition but the site is unknown
There are a number (six) brass indents, labelled VII to XII. Wall monuments are indicated by a number within a circle
In 1960 a bronze tablet, designed by J S Comper was erected on the wall by King Sebert's tomb to Queen Anne Neville (1485), wife of Richard III and daughter of the 'Kingmaker'. She was buried in front of the sedilia but there was no monument.

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