St David's Cathedral   Tendby
  St David's Cathedral
See founded about 601
It is easy to park near the cathedral. There is no entrance charge or charge for photography 
The Choir   Choir Aisle - North   Choir Aisle - South  (The Lady Chapel)  Nave - South Aisle  Pulpitum  Retrochoir  Retrochoir - North Aisle  Retrochoir - South Aisle  Transept - North   Transept - South  Trinity Chapel
Nave - South Aisle


Left and above: Bishop John Morgan (1504) Stone effigy on a tomb chest: the front of which shows six of the apostles, tue one end with resurrection and the other with winged lion holding coat of arms

Above and below: A Priest (14th century) Stone effigy, worn. The angels holding the cushion are gone.

North Transept 

Above top:  Shrine of St Caradog (1124)
Above bottom and right: A  Priest (14th century), his head rests on a double cushion. Note the ogee headed canopy (gablet). The tomb chest, decorated with tracery, is probably of a different date.
South Transept 

A Priest. Grave slab, not in situ, upper part only remains. The head and cushion is carved in fairly high relief but, curiously, the body in very low relief. 

North Choir Aisle

Incised Slab over the remains of Bishop Houghton (1398) which were removed from St Mary's College in 1965
Knight (14th century) said to be Rhys Geyg (1233), a younger son of Rhys ap Gruffydd. Note the arms on the  'jupon' - differenced by a label with three points - indicating the eldest son. Under modern recess.

South Choir Aisle 

Priest (14th/15th century) Stone effigy, broken in two places and poorly preserved. Interesting in that he holds a book in his right hand and there are remains of an inscription  Knight (14th century) His head rests on his helm with lion crest; his tunic shows relief carving of lion rampant. His feet rest on a lion with long tail. Said to be Lord Rhys ap Gruffydd (1197), but if so, it is retrospective    
Bishop (13th century) Stone effigy in high relief; poorly preserved. .Said to be of Bishop Iowerth (1231)
Modern tomb chest
Bishop Anselm (1247) The effigy lies next to that shown the left. Stone effigy in very good condition. Holds crozier and gives blessing. With a canopy (gablet) over his head.  He is also shown below    

Sylvester 'Medicus'. Grave slab with floriated cross and an  inscription:  ' his ruin shows that medicine does not stand in the way of death'.
Priest (14th century) Another canopy (gablet)  but the head is very broken. On a modern chest.  Attributed to Gerald of Wales, but this is unlikely. Priest (14th century) His head rest on a cushion and under round canopy (gablet); badly worn. In cinquefoiled recess.


Thomas Lloyd (1612)
He was cathedral treasurer. Effigy with right hand clasped to side of head. Son and daughter kneel below; an outline remains of  his widow behind the effigy.
Shrine of St. David (1275)
Below: Choir Aspect - The upper part consists of three arches supported on detached shafts; the back wall was once painted. Above would have been the reliquary chest below an arched superstructure. The lower part is a 'chest' with open arches and quatrefoils between; these may have for receiving offerings.
Above: Aisle Aspect - Three openings for pilgrims to crouch below the relics.

Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond (1456) 
Father of Henry VII. Purbeck marble tomb chest with tracery and coats of arms. Originally in Greyfriars at Carmarthen. The brass on the top slab is modern by Thomas Waller (1873).   Please see at the end of this section for some information about Edmund Tudor and the Tudor family.

Retrochoir - South Aisle

Countess of Maidstone (1932) Alabaster effigy recumbent on alabaster tomb chest. Designed by  W D Caröe from original drawing of tomb chest by J O Scott; carved by  Brooke Hitch. The effigy is a life portrait; at her feet her pet dog.

Retrochoir - North Aisle

Above and right: Priest (14th century) His head is under a raised and floriated canopy.
John Hiot (1419) Archdeacon of St David's 1400-19. Yellow limestone. The ffigy is very worn but tomb chest is better and shows inscription around edge of top slab Knight (14th century) with cross legged, holding shield, and hand on sword. Now worn but once very fine

Above and right: Knight (14th century) very badly damaged and worn.

Trinity Chapel

Dean Howell (1903) A wall mounted bronze plaque with portrait in low relief by W Gascombe John 
Medieval Grave Slab. Reused with the inscription DH 1745 lightly carved. Not in situ.
This is more than the usual screen but a structure containing three funerary monuments

Bishop de Gower (1347) Head on a double cushion held by angels. The tomb chest is carved on one face only and shows eight of the apostles with their various symbols.

I'm sorry about the quality of the two photographs on the right; I now have a camera that could do it!
Priest (14th century)  Cushions held by angels, feet on lion. In a chamber to the north side of passage through the pulpitum. Remains of a medieval wall painting in the chamber containing this tomb may just be seen. Priest (14th century) Similar to the above but on the south side and next to the monument of Bishop de Gower.

The Lady Chapel
This area was not accessible; the monuments are:

John de ..... (13th century) - inscription. Grave slab. May be John de Fakenhan, Archdeacon of Brecon (1274) 
Tomb (c. 1500) reinstated by J O Scott & W D Caröe using medieval pieces. The original monument was designed as part of the remodelling of the chapel in 1500.
Bp John Owen (1926) who restored the Lady Chapel; effigy by Brooke Hitch; monument by W D Caröe  but based on medieval fragments.. Gothic in style with elaborate canopy. Bishop Owen is buried elsewhere.

The Tudors Begin
   Things were going well for King Henry V: his campaigning in France and his victory over the French at battle of Agincourt were bringing results. He was now master of over a third of France and at Troyes, in north central France, the English and French signed a treaty to bring the Hundred Years' War to an end, unsuccessfully as it turned out. The terms of the treaty stated that the French King, Charles VI, was to remain king until his death but then Henry was to succeed him or, if Henry were to die before the French King, any son of Henry would similarly succeed to the French throne. The French King's son, the Dauphin Charles was thus disinherited from the crown of France. Furthermore by the terms of the Treaty of Troyes King Henry was to marry King Charles's daughter, the young and attractive Catherine of Valois.

   All this was not entirely due to Henry's military and diplomatic skills: the French king suffered from bouts of insanity and was unable to govern the county. Two factions , the Armagnacs and the Burgundians, had emerged on who would govern France during the King's  mental incapacity and this led to a bitter civil war lasting twenty eight years. Thus Henry had invaded a divided country and the English allied themselves with the Burgundian faction. This alliance was to the advantage of the Burgundians as well as the English as the Dukes of Burgundy also held the Low Counties (Flanders) to where England exported wool, its main source of income at the time.

   Things certainly were indeed going well for Henry: he was young and fit while the French King was twenty years older  and insane. Henry and Catherine were married in France, probably at the Cathedral of Troyes, and   returned to England for Catherine's coronation. Henry then returned to France to continue his campaigning in the areas which were not yet under English and Burgundian control, leaving Catherine, by now pregnant, behind in England.  While Henry was in France  Catherine gave birth to a son, who was named after his English father and grandfather.

   But then Henry's luck ran out. He died in France, probably from dysentery, not uncommon in medieval campaigns. He was thirty-five and his son, whom he had never seen, was only a few months old. Shortly afterwards Charles VI himself died so a six months old baby succeeded to both the French and English thrones. And not all of France was under the control of the Anglo-French child king. However that story will be continued elsewhere: we will now look at what happened to Catherine, now the Dowager Queen.

   Queen Catherine remained in England  in charge of her son, King Henry VI, who was not yet one year old. The Regency Council  was concerned , as Catherine was young and attractive, about her possible remarriage. However Parliament passed a law stating that if  a widowed queen were to marry again without the ruling king's consent then her husband would lose all his property and possessions, although this law would not disadvantage any of their future children. As the King was only seven years of age at this time he could hardly give consent anyway and any permission would probably require the consent of the Regency Council.

   Catherine began a relationship with a Welsh knight, Owen Tudor (Owen ap Maredudd ap Tudur), who was probably a member of her house hold. They had at least six children together although it is in doubt whether they actually ever married and, even if they had the law about  re-marriage would have affected them. Two of the children interest us here, Edmund and Jasper Tudor. It is also possible that Catherine had had a pervious relationship with Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, and that he may have been the father of Edmund Tudor. This alleged affair led to parliament passing the law about future queens' remarriage, mentioned above. This Duke of Somerset was one of the powerful Beauforts who will be mentioned in more detail shortly. If this indeed were the case then Henry VII would have been descended from the Beauforts on both sides of his family.

  Catherine died in 1435 and things went badly for her son, Henry VI: he was not really fit to rule, at first because he was a child and then  as an adult because he suffered from some form of mental incapacity. This led to two factions - the Lancastrians and the Yorkists - vying for power and the control of the King. The so called Wars of the Roses had begun. History had repeated itself as well as crossing the channel. Owen Tudor, who was naturally on the Lancastrian side, was an early casualty of these wars, having been beheaded at sixty-one after a Yorkist victory at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross.

  Henry VI granted Edmund Tudor the Earldom of Richmond and his brother Jasper the Earldom of Pembroke. The King also arranged the marriage of Edmund to the eventually much married twelve year old Lady Margaret Beaufort. This was her second marriage: she had been married at three to the dolittle timeserver, John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk, who was later to marry a sister of Kind Edward IV. Before this marriage was dissolved she married Edmund Tudor. However Edmund was arrested by the Yorkists and imprisoned where he died of bubonic plague at 35. The thirteen year old Margaret was pregnant with the future Henry of Richmond. This was her first and only pregnancy. It is Edmund's tomb we see above. Her son Henry defeated Richard III, the last of the Plantagenets, at the Battle of Bosworth becoming king, and the Tudor dynasty began.

King Who?

   It is high time to introduce the Beauforts. John of Gaunt was one of King Edward III's many children who eventually, although after his death, became the grandfather of King Henry V. At some time during his second marriage John took a mistress, Katherine Swynford, by whom he had four illegitimate children, three boys and one girl. When John's second wife died, he married his mistress Katherine, but the illegitimacy of the four children was not automatically reversed as it would be today; that law was not introduced until the twentieth century. There was no stigma to illegitimacy in the times in question, rather like none clearly attached to twelve year old girls becoming pregnant, but it did affect the laws of inheritance. The Beaufort children were, however, subsequently legitimised by an act of parliament with the condition that neither the children nor their offspring were to inherit the throne.
  The eldest of the Beauforts was John, who subsequently became the 1st Earl of Somerset; his first son, Henry, became the 2nd Earl (he never married); while his second son, also John, became the 3rd Earl and 1st Duke of Somerset and later the father of Lady Magaret Beaufort, who was as mentioned above,  ato becomes the mother of Henry VII. Incidentally the youngest of the four Beauford children was a girl called, confusingly, Margaret Beaufort. Before we leave the Beauforts we must mention that Duke John's youngest brother,  Edmund, (and the 1st Earl John's youngest child) who became the 2nd Duke of Somerset after the death of the 1st Duke, was the one thought to have been the lover of Catherine of Valois, so possibly the father of Edmund Tudor. This  2nd Duke was killed at the First Battle of St Albans at the beginning of the Wars of the Roses, the Beauforts being ardent Lancastrian supports.

   Thus Henry VII appeared to have little claim to the throne except one by battle. His father, Edmund Tudor, was either the son of Catherine of Valois and Owen Tudor, neither of whom were members of the English royal house and may never have actually married; or of Catherine and a member of the Beaufort family who had been excluded from the throne and they certainly never married married. His mother was Lady Margaret Beaufort of that same family.

   The last Plantagent king, as we have mention, was the much maligned Richard III, who, although killed in battle, was certainly not the last of the Plantagents. The children of his eldest brother, Edward IV, on the death of their father were confined to the Tower by Richard and subsequently  disappeared; they had anyway been declared illegitimate by Richard, for reasons we need not to examine here. He next brother was George, Duke of Clarence, who had been executed by Edward IV (yes, his brother) for persistent troublesome treachery; he was executed by, it is said, being drowned in a butt of Malmesbury wine as a favour rather than face the axe. This George had a son Edward, Earl of Warwick (his mother had been one of the heirs of the famous Richard Neville, the Kingmake) who was ten when Richard was killed. He was promptly confined to the Tower by Henry VII when he became king and executed fourteen years later on the dubious charge of attempting to escape from the Tower with the Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck. That was the end of the direct legitimate male Plantagent line but not the female as Richard's sister, Elizabeth who was married to the time serving John, 2nd Duke of Suffolk, had a son John, Earl of Lincoln who took part in a rebelling featuring another Pretender, Lambert Simnel, together with Richard III's friend Lord Lovell and an army of German mercenaries organised by another sister of Richard, Margaret Duchess of Burgundy, a thorn in the side of the Tudors. Margaret who had married Charles the Rash, Duke of Burgundy had organised the two Pretenders' claim to the throne. However John, Earl of Lincoln was killed at the Battle of Stoke Field by Henry VII and his army.

   There were still some Plantagenets around at the end of Henry VII's reign, so his son Henry VIII decided to clear them out.  Margaret Pole, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, executed at the ago of sixty-seven' was but one.

  There are still Plantagent descendents around, including actress Lala Ward, who is descended from Duke George. Although they probably still have a legitimate claim to the throne, they no longer take part in rebellions; whether this is a good or bad thing, I will leave the reader to decide.

Tenby - St Mary

Isabella Verney (1415) Thomas White (1418).
Father of John White
Above top: Thomas White (1418).
Above bottom:
John White (1507)

John White (1507)

Above:  Tome chests of Thomas (Left) and of John (Right)
The tomb chest are of alabaster but the effigies are of stone.

Above left top: John Denby or Tynby (1499) Archdeacon of St David's. Cadaver effigy. Below this: An unknown female (14th C). Below this on the left: Detail of the above lady's head, showing head band and the uncovered part of her hair.  Directly next to this:  Close up of the base of  a pillarmonument to: Thomas Rogers (1693) Erected 1737 by his son; this is shown as the whole  pillar above right.

With many thanks to Tony Carr for the photographs of Tenby
<Top of Page>   <Home - Index - Page>