Canterbury Cathedral   Rocheter Cathedral
Canterbury Cathedral

The Cathedral Church of Christ at Canterbury
Canterbury Cathedral is a Cathedral of the New Foundation: at the Reformation it was a Benedictine Cathedral Priory. The see was founded in 597

The Nave and Aisles

South Aisle
John Sympson (1752)
by J. M. Rysbrack
North Aisle
Orlando Gibbons (1625)
by Nicholas Stone (£32)
South Aisle
Lt. Col. John Stuart (1808)
By: Peter Turnerelli

North-West Transept St Michael's Chapel North-East Transept
Archbishop Peckham (1292) Wooden effigy; weepers on tomb chest. Archbishop Warham (1532) Thomas Thornhurst (1627) William Pride (1632)

Choir & Choir Aisles

Above: Archbishop John Stratford (1348)
From the etching by Charles Stothard

Right top: Archbishop Tait (1882)
By: Sir Edgar Boehm, and Farmer & Brindley

Right bottom:
Archbishop Chichele (1443)

The Trinity Chapel

Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, know as The Black Prince
Eldest son of King Edward III

Above and right: Charles Stothard's drawing and etching of the Black Prince's monument.
At the very top
is a drawing of the gilt bronze effigy of Edward lying on the tomb chest. To the left is his arms as the eldest son of King Edward: England quartered with France with a label indicating the eldest son. King Edward III, as a grandson of Philippe the Fair, claimed the throne of France. To the right are his arms as Prince of Wales.
Above: Stothard's etching of the effigy with various details.
Right bottom: Side view of the effigy.
Right top: Edward's armour which used to hang over the tomb but is now displayed in a glass cabinet nearby. Modern replicas now hang over the tomb.

Below and right: : Edward Bore's steel plate engravings of the monument. In addition we can see the 'tester' hanging over the tomb.

The Black Prince
  Edward of Woodstock (1330-1376) - known as the 'Black Prince' -1  - was the eldest son of King Edward III and so heir to the English throne and well as the English possessions in France; he was also, in name only, heir to the French throne itself. He became one of the most successful military commanders in the early part of the Hundred Years' War. Although born to be king, he was not destined to be so.

   In 1333 he was created Earl of Chester and  l137 Duke of Cornwall, which was the first English Dukedom. Then in1343 he was created Prince of Wales at the age of thirteen.

   In 1346 The Black Prince sailed with his father to France and took part in the Battle of Crécy, at the age of sixteen. With other experienced commanders, including Sir John Chandos, he commanded the  vanguard, quite unaided by King Edward III, who wished his son to gain military experience both as a soldier and commander. The English were victorious and Edward, with his father, marched to Calais and there took part in the year long siege. Calais was to remain an English foothold in France for many a year. Father and son then returned to England.

  In 1355 King Edward planned a three pronged attack on France with Prince Edward, now the King's lieutenant of Gascony, attacking Aquitaine, although this was no more than a chevauchée, rather than any major battles being fought. The Gascons, eager for plunder, were happy to join their English commander. The following year Prince Edward and his army marched north on another chevauchée with the intention of linking up, in Normandy, with his father and Charles the Bad, King of Navarre, at that moment an ally of the English . However, he was  unable to cross the River Loire so turned west, being flanked by the French army led by King John 'the Good'. The latter's father, Philip VI, or Philip of Valois, whose confiscation of King Edward's French possessions had initiated the whole conflict, had by this time died.  The armies were only a few miles apart. There was also a detachment of French blocking the English retreat. John of Gaunt, Edward's brother, attempted to come to Prince Edward's aid but  he too was blocked by the French.

  When Prince Edward knew that the larger French army now lay between him and Poitiers he set up his position on high ground. Edward was in a much weaker position and was willing to offer very generous terms to King John. However the French king was persuaded to demand that Edward and one hundred of his knights surrender themselves as prisoner and this Edward would not accept. Negotiations took the whole day which gave the Prince opportunity to consolidate his position and for the English army to rest. At daybreak of 19th September the fighting began and this led to an overwhelming defeat for the French, King John himself being captured by the Gascon lord Captal de Buch. On the following day Edward and his army continued their march - quite unmolested - towards Bordeaux. A truce was organized and Prince Edward left for England the following year.

   In 1359 King Edward and Prince Edward sailed together to Calais where the Prince led a division during the months long Rheims Campaign. This was generally unsuccessful and the two Edwards were happy to abandon the previous Treaty of London and negotiate the Treaty of Brétigny in which the King abandoned his claim to the French crown in exchange for Aquitaine, Calais and a few other territories, but no longer under the overlordship of the French king. This new treaty was ratified by the two Kings in 1360 as the Treaty of Calais. The French were also quite happy to sign the treaty as they were in a weakened position with an outbreak of civil war in northern France and their own peasant revolt, know as the Jacquerie. This appeared to mark the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.

   In 1361 Edward, now thirty, married his cousin Joan, known 'The Fair Maid of Kent'. They shared the same grandfather in King Edward I but Joan 's father had been Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent from whom she had inherited her title of Countess of Kent, following the death of her brother. She was now a widow of thirty-two and had three surviving children by her previous husband. The following year King Edward granted his son all his dominions in Aquitaine and Gascony -
2 as a principality held by the Prince - now Prince of Aquitaine and Gascony - from his father. The following year the Prince, Joan and their households departed for his new principality Although many lords of his Aquitaine and Gascony came to pay homage to Prince Edward, many were unhappy about being handed over to an English overlord; they were also unhappy about the Prince showing favour to his own countrymen and his ostentatious extravagance, for the Prince enjoyed the outward show of his status .

   Charles V 'The Wise' came to the French throne, following the death of his father, John, in 1364. No soldier himself,  he was more than happy to encourage and take advantage of this dissatisfaction of the lords with the Prince, their immediate overlord. The free companies - bands of discharged soldiers who became organized under captains - avaged the countryside as brigands, robbing, and claiming ransoms and protection money.'Free' because the owed no loyalty to any government but only to themselves. It was noted that the companies - who were largely Englishmen or Gascons - did not attack the Prince's domain, leading to the belief that Edward, while not actually encouraging them, did nothing to discourage them either. In this year King Edward asked his son, seeing the harm being done to all, to restrain their activities.

   In 1365 a group of Free Companies took service with Bertrand du Guesclin, the famous French military leader, who used them to drive out the legitimate king of Castile, Pedro the Cruel, and set up his bastard brother, Henry of Trastámara, in his place. Incidentally Pedro was also, and rather curiously, known as 'The Just'. Pedro and his four children, being an ally of King Edward, fled to the Black Prince at Bordeaux. Pedro persuaded Edward to help him recover this throne and offered to pay Edward, and anyone who would join him, by dividing his riches when he had recovered his throne; he also offered to pay the wages of the army. Pedro and Edward asked Charles the Bad for permission to take their army across his territory of Navarre to Castile. Pedro offered to pay Charles and the Prince lent him the money; the latter was offered territory as a pledge and this three daughters as hostages for repayment of the debt. The Prince had borrowed money from his father and broken up his plate to help pay his men. When the English and Gascon captains of the free companies learned that the Black Prince was about to fight for Pedro they withdrew their support from Henry and joined Edward, whose army consisted of English and Gascons as well as Bretons and German mercenaries; there was a civil war in Brittany with the English supporting the victorious side. The armies met at Nájera and Henry was defeated and Pedro returned to the throne.

   However this was a pyrrhic victory: Pedro never repaid his debts and clearly had no intention of doing so as well as refusing to hand over the promised territories; Pedro soon lost his grip on the throne and was murdered by his half brother who became know as 'Henry the Fratricidal'; there was a outbreak of sickness in the Engish/Gascon army and many died; the Prince became ill and never fully recovered; Henry stirred up trouble in Aquitaine; and the French were angered by the Prince's support for Pedro against them. John of Gaunt was to marry one of Pedro's daughters (Constance), and claim the throne of Castile himself, which was not a wise decision and would lead to further problems in times to come.


  The Battle of  Nájera was to be the final turning point in the life of Edward, the Black Prince.

  Edward on returning encouraged the free companies, who had not been paid fully, to cross the Loire into French territory to the annoyance of King Charles who continued to encourage dissatisfaction among the Gascon lords. The Battle of Nájera had caused Prince Edward major financial difficulties: he was unable to fulfill contracts and introduced a hearth tax which many of his lords refused to pay. Many such lords  took their case to the French king, who was happy to have this opportunity to request the Prince's appearance before him in Paris. Edward threw the King's messenger in jail and replied that yes he would appear but with an army behind him. By 1367 more than 900 towns and castles had switched their loyalty to the French King

  War was declared in 1369 but although desultory at first it weakened the English hold on the territory. The following year King Charles raised two large armies for the invasion of Aquitaine and Edward, in a period of recovery, responded. The French gained many important cities and the two French armies met to lay siege to Limoges which was treacherously handed over to them by the Bishop, a supposed friend of the Black Prince. Edward, his temper frayed by his illness, swore they would pay for their treachery. His health had deteriorated to the extent that he had to be carried to the operations in a litter. His sappers brought down a section of the walls and the city was sacked. The Bishop was brought before Edward who was persuaded the latter's followers not to have him executed as he had wished. The total loss of life of the inhabitants was estimated by recent historians as 300: an order of magnitude less than that originally estimated. So the Black Prince's famous black mark turns to a shade of gray. Edward's sickness worsened so he was no longer able to direct further operations.

   The death of his eldest  son, Edward of Angoulême, who was heir to the throne, from plague at age five, greatly distressed the Black Prince and  his condition deteriorated to such an extent his physicians advised him to return home to England, which he did leaving his brother, John of Gaunt, in charge of operations. He retired to his estate at Berkhamstead but by 1372 his health had improved sufficiently for he and his father to sail to France but contrary winds prevented this and it was not to be. The wheel of fortune had certainly turned against the Black Prince who now resigned as Prince of Aquitaine and Gascony.

  He took part in some political wrangling in in 1376, opposing John of Gaunt's anti-clerical party and in the Good Parliament supported the commons in thier attack on some of the abuses of the administration. This latter was not supported by John of Gaunt, who was to reverse the decisions in the Bad Parliament the following year. However later in 1376 the Black Prince's condition deteriorated considerably and he died at Westminster. So there was to be no Edward IV or Edward V in the direct Plantagenet line.

Why the Black Prince? The simple answer to this is that nobody really knows. The first reference to the term is by John Leland, the antiquary, writing 160 years after The Black Prince's death. The are a few theories:
  The first of two is that he wore black armour or carried a black shield. The first of these can be dismissed at once as the Prince fought in Southern France and Spain. If you have ever touched a black metal surface heated by the sun you will see why this is highly unlikely. A black shield is a possibility as he carried a 'shield of peace' during tournaments and this did indeed have a black background or field in heraldic terms: sable three ostrich feathers argent. This can be seen on his tomb alternating with his shield borne as the eldest son of King Edward III.

  The other explanation is a metaphorical one meaning that he had a black reputation and the French writers do refer to him as 'black'. He was certainly a very fierce warrior in a time when such ferocity was valued but I think this origin is rather unlikely.

  - 2 Aquitaine, Gascony or Guyenne, and What about Poitou? History writers discussing this area of France seem confused about this aspect of their subject so it is hardly surprising that their readers will also become confused in the reading. I often find that when authors seem woolly they - no matter how well respected they may be - simply do not know or understand certain aspects of the suject under discussion. This judgement is slightly unfair here at least as there is already confusion in this situation. Eleanor of Aquitaine (also called Eleanor of Guyene) brought the duchies of Aquitaine as well as Gascony to the English crown, and  the separate County of Poitou. So Guyenne seems to be a former name of Aquitaine (it is used by Stothard in his book) and Poitou is a completely separate entity. Guyenne is said to be a southern French distortion of Aquitaine, although in English this doesn't bear any resemblance. The difference between Aquitaine and Gascony has always seemed to have been ill defined: sometimes the regions overlap, sometimes Gascony is part of Aquitaine, while sometimes they are two separate duchies. Gascony is east and south of Bordeaux and was, and is, occupied by Gascons (hardly surprisingly) who are said to have a Basque origin. The native language of the area - Gascon - is still spoken there, although it is classified as a variation of  Occitan, the language of southern France. Gascony, in general, sided with the English during the Hundred Years' War and many joined the Free Companies with their English counterparts when the conditions suited them.
   It seems that when King Philip Augustus conquered the (so-called) Angevin Empire from King John, he removed most of Henry II's French possessions with the exception of Gascony, or at least the remnants of the Angevin Empire corresponding to that area. This was still held by the English king as a fief, with the French King as overlord, a curious situation. As such, it appears to have been confiscated by the French king and then restored at intervals. Edward III originally began the Hundred Year's War in an attempt to recover this area of France from Philip VI, before actually claiming the crown himself.


King Henry IV
Eldest son of John of Gaunt, Son of King Edward III.
& Queen Joan of Navarre
His second wife

Above and right: The alabaster effigies of Henry IV and Joan of Navarre, with details, from the etchings by Charles Stothard.
The effigies are attributed to Robert Brown 1437

The monument from steel plate engravings by Edward Blore. On the left we see the effigies again but with the surrounding structure and the gablettes over the heads. To the right is the whole monument with tomb chest, which probably held figures in the niches, and the tester over the monument.

King Henry IV

   Years ago I was in Canterbury Cathedral looking at the tomb of Henry IV, when a mother and her child wandered by, the mother telling the child that this was the king who had six wives.  Apart from those monarchs who had very short or rather obscure reigns, Henry IV must be England's least known king. This may be because while television, cinema and popular culture tells us endlessly about the Henry who did have six wives, the fourth of that name is mostly ignored, so residing in obscurity. He had two wives, by the way, but neither met such contraversial ends. On another level the English Monarch Series, books published initially by Methuen, then later by Yale, began in 1964 but Henry IV had to wait until 2016 to appear,  more than fifty years later. I find this rather curious as Henry IV had a relatively short reign to study but a very eventful one.

Henry of Bolingbroke, as he was, was not destined to be king: he was born in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire in 1367, the eldest son of John of Gaunt, himself the fourth son of King Edward III, and his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster.  Blanche was the younger daughter of Henry Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, himself the great-grandson of King Henry III, and it is from Blanche that John of Gaunt inherited his land and titles, her elder sister having died before her.

  Henry was one of the junior Lords Appellant who attempted, and for a time succeeded, to control the arbitrary and tyrannical government of King Richard II. John of Gaunt, the King's uncle, helped Richard slowly regain power when the former returned from his adventures abroad; Richard set out to punish the Lords Appellant: the Duke of Gloucester, his uncle, was murdered, the Earl of Arundel executed and the Earl of Warwick banished. Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, one of the Junior Appellants like Henry, regained the King's favour and, it is said that on Richard's orders, organized the murder of the Duke of Gloucester. Henry was left alone by the King at least initially.

   A dispute occurred between Henry and Thomas Mowbray and they appeared before King Richard. This dispute is obscure, to me anyway, but it may have been related to the murder of the Duke of Gloucester. The King ordered that the dispute be settled by Trial by Battle but then cancelled this order and banished them both. Thomas Mowbray died in exile so never returned to England. Henry lived although while he was in exile his father, John of Gaunt, died whereupon King Richard, both spitefully and foolishly, seized his vast lands, which, of course, were Henry's inheritance.
  After consultation with Thomas Arundel, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, who had also been exiled by Richard because of his association with the Lords Appellant, Henry returned to England landing at Ravenspur in Yorkshire, with Arundel as his adviser. While Richard was campaigning in Ireland, Henry began a military campaign initially announcing that he had returned to claim the Lancaster inheritances, but he gathered enough support to then announce that he was claiming the crown. Richard returned from Ireland and surrendered at Fint in North Wales where he was forced to abdicate; he was then was imprisoned in Pontefract castle. Henry's main supporters on this campaign were Arundel himself, whom Henry was to reinstate as Archbishop of Canterbury, and Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland who was later to prove treacherous.

 Henry Bolingbroke was crowned as King Henry IV by Thomas Arundel in Westminster Abbey on 13th October 1399, a year to the day since he had been sent into exile, and the line of the Lancastrian Kings began. However it was not to be a happy reign as will be seen.

Almost immediately in January 1400 there was a rebellion (known as the Epiphany Rising), by the Earls of Huntingdon (half brother to Richard), Kent (nephew of Huntingdon) and Salisbury, which planned to murder Henry as well as the Archbishop of Canterbury and Henry's four sons and then return Richard to the throne. Others involved were Baron Despenser, Earl of Rutland (Edward of Norwich), Baron Lumley, and Sir Bernard Brocas. Also included because he resembled Richard and could impersonate him was an esquire, Richard Maudeleyn. They plotted at the home of the Abbot of Westminster to seize the King  at a tournament, kill him and restore Richard to the Throne. However they were betrayed by one of the conspirators - the Earl of Rutland - and Henry acted quickly. The rebels had expected that the whole country would rise in favour of Richard but the opposite proved to be the case.  Salisbury and Kent were captured by a local authority, tried and executed; Despenser captured by the crew of a ship he attempted to flee in and executed as elsewhere and separately were Huntingdon and Lumley. Brocas was tried in London and executed as was Maudeleyn. The Abbot was imprisoned in the Tower but soon released. In all twenty-six were beheaded, six were hanged, drawn and quartered, but many were pardoned.

   There were to be no more attempts to return Richard since he died in prison in February 1400 shortly after the rising. No one know how  he died: there were said to be no marks of violence on his remains when examined in the nineteenth century but this examination neither proves nor disproves a non violent end. It is said the he may starved himself to death from grief at the failure of the Epiphany Plot or have been deliberately staved by his jailors. Whether Henry ordered or had knowledge of this is unknown and must remain another medieval mystery.

The revolt of Owain Glyndŵr began in September the same year and this rebellion was to be prolonged with many failed attempts at his defeat. He was so successful that he declared himself  Prince of Wales in 1404. The following year things began to falter, his being defeated by John Talbot and a month later by Prince Henry. However the rebellion did not finally collapse until 1409.
During the nine years of the Glyndŵr  revolt the rebellion of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, occurred in 1403, ending with the Battle of Shrewsbury where both Henry and his eldest son (the future Henry V) fought the rebels. The younger Henry was badly wounded and the Earl's son, another Henry, but conveniently known as Hotspur, was killed.  Why this treachery by the Earl? The Perceys had fought against the invading Scots at the Battle of Homildon Hill, where the Scots were thoroughly routed and many noble prisoners were taken. However, King Henry would not allow them to be ransomed as he did not wish them to lead another army into England. This did not please the Earl as ransoming prisoners was a good source of income, so the Earl decided to challenge Henry, supporting the Glyndŵr rebellion and linking up with Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March. This Edmund Mortimer was son of Roger Mortimer, the 4th Earl, and thus descended - albeit via the female line - from an older son of King Edward III (Lionel, Duke of Clarence) than  John of Gaunt; Roger Mortimer had been vaguely recognized as heir to the throne by the childless Richard II, ignoring the usual rules of succession which had been laid down by Edward III. When we include Edmund's sister into all of this it becomes wonderfully complicated but that's another story and not relevant here. King Henry did not charge the Earl with treason as the latter did not personally take part in the rebellion.

   In 1405, again during the Glyndŵr rebellion, there was yet another  Percy rebellion. This was led by Thomas Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk (the son of another Thomas, 3rd Earl and 4th Duke, who had been banished with Henry) and Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York. The rebels were abandoned by the Earl of Northumberland and overcome by the King's army led by his son, John of Lancaster, and The Earl of Westmoreland, at Shipton Moor. The judge refused to pass sentence on the leaders of the rebellion unless they were tried by their peers, so Henry, probably weary of these rebellions, had them summarily executed. The Earl fled to Scotland.

   When the Glyndŵr rebellion still in progress, in 1408, Earl Henry Percy invaded England from his exile in Scotland with an army of Lowland Scots to be met with an army of Yorkshire levies led by High Sherriff  Sir Thomas Rokeby at Battle of Branham Moor. Again the rebel army was scattered and many killed including the troublesome Earl. The power of the Perceys in the north was broken, at least temporarily.

   Henry was affected by bouts of  incapacitating illness in the last years of his reign and from 1406 did not act as an effective ruler. It is difficult to diagnose illnesses from centuries ago and by the descriptions given by physicians of the time. It was said to be leprosy sent as a punishment for his usurping the throne, possible regicide and his execution of Archbishop Scrope. The symptoms sound like he possibly suffered from arthritic psoriasis, an auto-immune disease which includes skin lesions and difficulty with and pain in the joints, and which becomes increasingly disabling as it progresses; there are also remissions and exacerbations. There may well also be a inherited factor. He died in 1410 at the age of forty-seven.

   He married as his first wife Mary Bohun, joint heiress with her sister of the substantial estates o f Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. She was the mother of Henry V as well as three other sons and two daughters.  Unfortunately Mary died at twenty-six giving birth to her last daughter, Phillippa, and did not live to see her eldest son become king.

   Henry's second wife was Joanne of Navarre, daughter of King Charles the Bad, who had changed sides several times during the Hundred Years' War under Edward III. Her first husband was John IV, Duke of Brittany by whom she had four sons and five daughters. She and Henry had met while Henry was in exile and they married in 1403 after Henry had became king. She bore Henry IV no children but may have given birth to two still born babies. Henry V had a good relationship with his stepmother and she even acted as regent during his absence in France. However when Henry V brought back as a prisoner her son, Arthur of Brittany, the relationship broke down and Joanne was accused of trying to kill the King by, it appears, witchcraft. She was never tried but imprisoned in 1419 and all her lands and possessions confiscated. However her stepson released her and restored the confiscations before he died in 1422


The South Ambulatory
Archbishop Hubert Walter

Hubert Walter (c. 1160-1205)  was a cleric and administrator under kings Henry II, Richard I and John. Although neither a holy nor learned man he became one of the most outstanding government administrators of the middle ages.

 He was aided in this career by his uncle, Ranulf Glanvill, who was chief justiciar under Henry II.

 During the reign of Henry II Hubert was appointed Dean of York, having been an unsuccessful candidate for the post of Archbishop. He was then was appointed Bishop of Salisbury after Richard became king in 1189 and then accompanied Richard on the Third Crusade, departing before the King from Marseille together with  Baldwin of Forde (Archbishop of Canterbury) and Ranulf Glanvill, both of whom were to die during the Siege of Acre. He acted as a principal negotiator with Saladin even persuading the latter to allow a few Western clerics to remain in Jerusalem to hold Christian services..

 Hubert learned in Sicily on his way home from the Holy Land that King Richard had been captured on his way home and was held by the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry VI.  He was one of the first to find the King and was one of those involved in raising the ransom demanded by the Emperor.   As a reward for these services King Richard wrote to Queen Eleanor asking her to arrange Hubert's appointment as Archbishop of Canterbury, the last incumbent (Baldwin) having died, as mentioned above, in the Holy Land. He was also appointed chief justiciar; in this position he effected a number of important legal reforms some of which are the basis of the English legal system today, such as the appointment of Justices of the Peace. He resigned his secular posts in 1198.

He had, not without difficulty, forced Prince John to submit after he rebelled against his imprisoned brother Richard using both secular (a siege) and ecclesiastical powers (excommunication) to effect John's submission. After the sudden death of King Richard, Hubert supported John succession against the rival  candidate for the crown, Arthur I, Duke of Brittany who was the son of Richard and John's long dead elder brother, Geoffrey. John's claim was successful and he was crowned by Hubert in Westminster Abbey in 1199. As a reward for his services the king appointed Hubert Chancellor of England, a senior administrative secular post. Hubert was also employed by John on a number of diplomatic missions.

Hubert died in 1205 after a long illness.
Above: Archbishop Hubert Walter (1205).  Purbeck Marble

The Corona

Archbishop Temple (1902)
Effigy by: W. D. Caroe (signed) and canopy by: F. W. Pomeroy

There appear to be no other monuments in this part of the cathedral

The Undercroft (Lady Chapel)

Joan Burwasche, Lady Mohum (c. 1375)

Alabaster effigy only

From an etching by Charles Stothard

Other Monuments
Archbishop Morton (1501) Indent of brass
Archbishop Morton (1501) Recumbent effigy with three small canons kneeling either side. Arch above.
Countess of Atholl or Lady Tryvet (1431) Damaged. In St Gabriel's Chapel

Rochester Cathedral

The Cathedral Church of St Andrew at Rochester
Rochester Cathedral is a Cathedral of the New Foundation: before the Reformation it was a Benedictine Cathedral Priory.
The see was founded in 604
Nave: South Aisle Nave: North Aisle N E Transept Chapel
South African War Memorial; Alabaster  Lady Henniker (1792) By: Thomas Banks RA
(detail: Time and Whole Monument)
Coade Stone
Richard Sonmer (1682)
By William Stanton (?)
Lee Warren (1698) By John Broxup
(Detail & Whole Monument)

South Transept
Richard Watts (1579)
By Charles Easton (1763) paid £50
Joseph Maas (1886)
Alabaster & Marble
By: J Currie, designed by Temple Moore 
Sir Richard Head (1689)
By: Grinling Gibbons 

Right: Bishop Laurence Saint Martin (1274)
Purbeck marble

From an etching by T&G Hollis

There is a fine collection of bishop effigies at Rochester but I do not have any more at the moment
The majority of the photographs were sent to me by Dr John Physick. These were slides or prints and scanned for reproduction.
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