SCOTLAND - 2
 

  
This page began as a simple list taken from The Monumental Effigies of Scotland by Robert Brydall, which was published in 1895 so there are bound to have been changes in the years since then: effigies may have  'come in from the cold' (the damaging elements, that is) and are now in the church, a nearby museum or a roofed building in a ruined abbey. There may well be several which have been missed for one reason or another and so not included. The identifications are taken from that book and I have no evidence of the source of that identification, except where there is a contemporary inscription. A drawing in that book let me to discovering a report of monument fraud - and not the first - which was discovered  a century after the book was published and committed even longer before that.

  I did not intend to add images, at least not at this early stage, but the list became unwieldy so I decided to treat the subject as in all other pages with as many images as I could find and the briefest of descriptions: the information is mostly all there on the image anyway. Several of these images were taken from the book; these are hardly 'Stothard Style' but they do look accurate enough and reproduce far better than I had anticipated. After much searching I found - and am still finding images on the web, which are mostly photographs of varying quality but there are some graphics too, one even from Edward Blore's book, a steel plate engraving. The master etchers have rarely ventured north of the border.

  And there lies a problem: I have tried always to acknowledge the 'author' of these images and obey all the rules of 'intellectual property rights' wherever I can but despite my efforts I have not always succeeded, for which I apologize. So I sometimes may not have complied with the letter of the law but before taking up arms against me, please note that the site is for research and academic purposes only, I do not charge visitors to the site nor make any profit from it (rather the opposite), the photographs that appear have been compressed and reduced in size so are of little use if copied. Also please note that very occasionally I send copies of the originals if I have taken them or given them the name of the photographer if I haven't; I never charge for this very occasional service.

  The page is not yet finished (in another sense it will never be) but when I have everything to date I will close the gaps and tidy it. These monuments are only medieval as I have no reference to later ones.

 We hope to visit Scotland next year and will certainly take a number of photographs. We look forward to Haggis and Chips, Pipes and the Single Malts, and Arbroath Smokies but will forego Irn Bru and Tablet. Don't mention the midges.


Note that the Church of Scotland is Presbyterian, part of the Reformed Tradition within Protestantism, a church the Scots fought long and hard for. So the parish churches are Presbyterian churches and, as there are no bishops in the church hierarchy, the cathedrals are cathedrals in name only: some are now parish churches while others are ruinous or partly so. As in England abbeys and priories are such in name only: again some are parish churches while others are ruinous. It must be pointed out that there are actual cathedrals - with bishops  in Scotland: these are eight Roman Catholic cathedral and are usually modern buildings; as well as the Episcopal Church of Scotland which again has eight cathedrals.

INDEX OF TOWNS, VILLAGES ETC
The Counties are in Alphabetical Order

 Aberdalgie  Aberdeen  Airth Old Church*  Alberdalgie  Arbroath AbbeyArbuthnot  Ardie* Balerino AbbeyBannf Beauly Priory* Borthwick  Bothwell Bourtie  Cambuskenneth Abbey* Corstorphine  Coupar Creich
Dalkeith Auld Kirk*  Douglas  Dunblane Cathedral 
Dundrennan Abbey*  Dunfermline Abbey Dunkeld Cathedral Edinburgh  St Giles  Elgin Cathedral
* Falkirk Old Church Fearn Abbey Fortrose Cathedral*
 Glascow: St Mungo's Cathedral   Houston  Inchmahome Priory* Lincluden College  Lindores Abbey* Luffness Redfriars*
(Muthill Old Church)Mouswald*
  Old Kilpatrick  Paisley Abbey  Renfrew Old Church  Rothsay*    Ruthven Old Church*  Seton  Swinton

KEY: * In ruins, or partly so; often under care of Historic Scotland. May be entrance fee in latter cases.  (___) No images.  † Uncertain information, needs revision.   ‡ May not be accessible


ABERDEENSHIRE

St Nicholas, Aberdeen


 
 
Gilbert Menzies of Pitfoddles and his wife, Marjory Liddel. (15th century) This effigies are reported by Robert Brydall to have been in the churchyard of Marycultur church where they were once underneath an arch. They were moved to Aberdeen in the later 19th century and now lie on adjacent window sills. They condition look remarkable good to have been removed from a churchyard so the arch must have been very effective
The photographs are from 'Doric Columns' website
Above: Alexander Irvine of Drum ; his wife, Elizabeth de Keith is also supposed to be here; I will seek this further.
He was one of the commissioners would travelled to England to plead for the release of  King James I and bring him back to Scotland. This is supposed to be his effigy.

Right:
 John Collison and his wife, Margaret Setoun. He was provost* in 1521. 

There appears to be considerable doubt  about the indentity of these effigies. I  will research further

*
A provost is equivalent to what would be called in England The Lord Mayor

A Tale of Fraud
Duff House Mausoleum, Banff

  In the Mausoleum of Duff House are - or were - a series of monuments to the Duff family dating back to medieval times, so far, in fact, none the none less than that of King Robert Bruce himself, although he was actually buried at Dunfermline, might be seen there; and the earliest of the Duff family monument in the Mausoleum was that of Alexander Duff of Braco, who had died in 1705, and that had been moved from Braco churchyard in 1793. As had that of the 1st Earl.

   Duff House was built between 1735 and 1740 by Adam for William Duff of Braco and the mausoleum, a neo -gothic construction, for the 2nd Earl in 1793.

   This fraud was finally confirmed by Aberdeenshire Council and Historic Scotland in the late 1990's.

   The monuments had been appropriated from elsewhere by the 2nd Earl in order to pass them off as his ancestors and so 'prove' his descent from the medieval Earls of Duff.

   King Robert's monument was shown to be that of a 17th century sheriff. That shown was of a Duff of Muldavit and had been moved from Cullen Old Kirk and recut to show the date of 1404; it was returned in 1965. I understand that most of the monuments are still in the building.

   The mausoleum is closed to the public but the Friends of Duff house open it in September each year.

   See also Chester-le-Street, County Durham.



Bourtie Parish Church
A late 13th or early 14th century knight/lady pair of effigies, formerly, as may be deduced by their condition, in the churchyard but brought in the late 19th century into the church. Robert Brydall writes 'hardly worth preserving': hardly an attitude to disseminate!

From the website: 'Battle of Bana'
Ruthven Old Church
The church is in ruins
Thomas Gordon of Ruthen, locally known as 'Tam O' Ruthven. Note the mamélieres, metal structures attached to the breast plate with a small protruding ring to which a chain was attached; the other end of the chain held the sword, dagger, helm etc. One is shield shaped, the other an ornamented disc. The chains have long since worn away.
photograph by  Susan Lynne Schwenger


BERWICKSHIRE

Swinton
Parish Church
Sir Alan Swinton (c.1200)


BUTESHIRE

St Mary's Chapel, Rothsay, Isle of Bute
 
 Top row: left & centre: Unidentified lady. Is she holding and child on her left arm? Right: A Stewart of Bute, late 14th century. Said to be either John Stewart, Sheriff of Bute (1449), an illegitimate son of Robert II or Robert, High (1327/8) who married Marjorie Bruce and was father of Robert II. This is also shown  detail on the bottom row, right.
  Bottom row: left & centre:
Unidentified and very worn; note the hunting horn. In the background can be seen the weepers form the lady's monument: see above right
  Photographs by David Ross
.


DUMBARTONSHIRE

Old Kilpatrick Church
Near Bowling
Unknown knight
Holds heart, angels hold pillow
In churchyard



DUMFRIESSHIRE

Mouswald Old Parish Church
The church ceased being used for worship in 2014. Mouswald is Norwegian for Mossy Field
Sir Simon Carruthers, his lady's effigy by is side is greatly worn


FIFE

Cupar Dunfirmline Abbey Lindores Abbey
(Near Newburgh)
Ardie - St Magridin
  There are several more post medieval monuments in Dunfermline Abbey Ruinous Ruinous
 

William Schaw
M
aster of Works. c.1600

   
Balmerino Abbey Creich  
Ruinous    
 
Very defaced effigies of ecclesiastic and knight
     


EAST LOTHIAN

Seton Collegiate Church
also known as
Seton Chapel


The church is described by Robert Brydall as being next to Seton Castle; however Seton 'Castle' is a castellated late 1700 house, which appears to have been demolished in 2021. The church was once in private hands but is now fortunately under the care of Historic Scotland. Entrance fee.

A Lord and Lady Seton. Robert Brydall describes the male effigy as being next to the lady and almost obscuring her; he also describes an empty space below the figures, although it does not appear to have been a particularly deep one. The male effigy has now been moved down  onto a plinth and into this space.

I do not know the original positioning

From the website, 'Scotland Off the Beaton Track'






FOFARSHIRE

Arbroath Abbey
Mainly ruinous; now under care of Historic Scotland
William the Lion (1214), and Unknown Abbot , both now in Arbroath Abbey Museum

HADDINGTONSHIRE


Luffness Redfriars
Ruinous

INVERNESSHIRE

Beauly Priory
Beauly Priory is ruinous and under care of Historic Scotland


Sir Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail (1481)

Arms and Latin inscription, although I can't see it in these images!



KINCARDINESHIRE

Arbuthnot Church.
 Hugo de Arbuthnot (late C13)  Note the arms which can be more clearly seen in the drawing


KIRKCUDBRIGHTSHIRE

Dundrennan Abbey
Ruinous: now under the care of Historic Scotland


Top right: Patrick Douglas (1480) Monk and cellarer. Very low relief; Latin inscription
Top left:
Unknown nun (1440) Latin inscription. Incised slab
Above: Alan, Lord of Galloway (early C13)
By © User:Colin / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47156391
Right:
 Unknown Abbot. The item carved just to the left of his right hand looks remarkably like a dagger, but surely must represent a cross.
By Hopmans at nl.wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3778838
Kirkudbright
I believe that this monument in in the castle rather than the church, but I cannot confirm this at the moment. The castle is partly ruinous and in the care of Historic Scotland



Lincluden College
Ruinous

Margaret, Countess of Douglas

LANARKSHIRE

St Bride's Church, Douglas


'Good' Sir James Douglas (1330) Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas (1438/9)      
Author: Otter.   Licensed (photographs)
.  
Marjory Abernethy (1245-1270)?
Wife of Hugh Douglas,
Son of Sir William Douglas
James 'the Gross' 7th Earl of Douglas and his wife, Beatrix (Sinclair)  



























DRAWINGS of the ABOVE
 
Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas (1438/9) 'Good' Sir James Douglas (1330) James 'the Gross' 7th Earl of Douglas and his wife, Beatrix (Sinclair)  

 
Marjory Abernethy (1245-1270)?
Wife of Hugh Douglas,
Son of Sir William Douglas

Bothwell - St Bride's Collegiate Church
There are several post medieval monuments in the church but I do not have a record
 

Glascow - St Mungo's Cathedral
(now a parish church)

Above: Unknown medieval bishop
Centre left: Not yet defined
Centre: Not yet defined, outside
Centre right and far right: Barons of the House of Mynto. Monument and detail. This monument has one of the few brasses in Scotland


MIDLOTHIAN
(also known as Edinburghshire)

 Collegiate Church of Corstorphine

A Forrester
Monument in South Transept
John Forrester I (1440) and his Wife
Monument in Chancel
He was the founder of the collegiate church
John Forrester II (1454) and his wife, Marion Stewart, Lady Dalswinton: or a member of the Wigmore family
Monument in Chancel
The unamed Forrester may be that of Sir Alexander, son of Sir John II.

John Forrester I married two - or possible three times- to Margaret (?), to Jean Saintclair, and to Marian Stewart
. The Forrester arms on the tomb chest impale (2) Saintclair and (4) Stewart so is not possible to know who the lady might be.


Dalkeith: St Nicholas Buccleugh Church
'The Auld Church'
The church is in use for regular services but the photographs suggest the chancel is roofless and the windows have no glass.

These effigies was said by Robert Brydall to be in an roofless aisle but this appears to have now been restored. They now appear to have been moved to the roofless chancel.

They represent , as may be deduced fro m the arms, as a lord and lady of the Douglas of Dalkeith family.

Borthwick Parish Church





A Lord and Lady Borthwick. (late 14th century)

The photographs to the left are from the website of the Arts & Humanities Research Council: A Corpus of Scottish Medieva; Parish Churches.

That above is from the website of the Scottish Castles Association






Edinburgh - St Giles Collegiate Church
There will be more monuments in due course


MORAY

Elgin Cathedral
Elgin Cathedral is a Roman Catholic Cathedral. It is ruinous and under the care of Historic Scotland
      

Top row: 1. Three fragmentary effigies. 2a. Said to be Robert Innes of Innesmarkie or Innermarkie . The effigy is too small for its recess. There are two shields of arms, which cannot be seen from the photograph.  2b A Stewart (Alexander, Duke of Albany), 2nd son of James II. Inscription and fragmentary heraldry. The latter two monuments are in south wall of the south transept. The fragmentary effigies may include that of  Bishop Columba Dunbar (1422-35), Sir Alexander Dunbar of Westfield (1497), and -possibly - Bishop John Innes (1407-14)
Bottom row: 1 & 2. Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly (1470).  Latin epitaph
Right: Unknown bishop or abbot
Above: William de la Hay (1421) Latin epitaph. Three shields of arms said to be on the breast. Near entrance to Lady Chapel.

Right: Bishop John of Winchester (1460) In the south aisle three bays remain vaulted, this area being known as The Lady Chapel. The monument to Bishop John is in the wall next to the choir. There is another monument to a bishop in this same wall; this may be the one  shown top right but I cannot confirm this at the moment.
There is a further effigy in the passage between choir and north aisle, but the type is (or cannot be identified)
There is another reference to a monument in the north wall of the choir but no further details are given.


The photographs of John of Winchester and Alexander Gordon (2) are by Calagus.  Licensed
Some of the information about the effigies in Elgin Cathedral is taken from The Ecclesiastical Architecture of Scotland by David Macgibbon and Thomas Ross (1896) Three Volumes. Some of the information does not correspond to the drawings or is somewhat obscure. Further research is needed.

PERTHSHIRE

Aberdalgie Church Priory Church of Inchmahome, Menteith
The church  is on an Inchmahome Island, the largest of three islands at the centre of  the Lake of Menteith, 15 miles from Sterling. It is mostly in ruins but much remains. The effigies are situated in the former chapter house, which is roofed. The buildings are under the care of Historic Scotland and are scheduled as an Ancient Monument. It may be visited by a boat operated by Historic Scotland between March and September, which departs from the pier at Port Menteith.  

Sir William Oliphant (1329)
Very worn.Was in church yard but now inside on a modern tomb chest, under a modern arch. Very low relief, black marble, Latin inscription

Above left and Right top:
Walter Bailloch ('freckled') Stewart , Earl of Menteith (1225/1230-1293-1294), and Countess Mary (c. 1286).
Mary held the title in her own right and Walter became earl in right of his wife

Right bottom: said to be Sir John of Menteith (1275-1329) , son of Walter and Mary
By bubobubo 2; under licence https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
 
Dunblane Cathedral
Now a parish church


Above Left: Bishop Finlay Dermot or Clement? Above Right: Bishop Michael Ochiltree?  I have not found a reasonable photograph of this monument.
Below left & right:  
Malise, 8th Earl of Streathearn (1271), and his Countess. The drawing gives a better representation of the lady


Dunkeld Cathedral
Now a parish church



Left bottom: Bishop Sinclair

Author: Otter.   Licensed

Above: Bishop Robert Carden (1420)
 


Above and left top: Alexander Stewart, 5th Earl of Buchan (1405) Called 'The Wolf of Badenoch'

The above two photographs from Lilli Vella on pinterest who acknowledges Canmore.org.uk. Photographs take for RCHAM (Scotland)

Muthill
The Old Church
Muthill Old Church is ruinous apart from the tower; a new church was built in 1826-8. The Old Church is under the care of Historic Scotland

There are several monuments from the Old Church which are now kept for their protection in the ground floor of the tower. One is a Kn/L effigy, thought to be that of Sir Maurice Drummond of Kincraig (1362) and his wife, Ada. As is the general case in Scotland, the knight's legs are not crossed. It is in a very worn condition. I do not have any satisfactory images.

I have not information about the other monuments.


RENFREWSHIRE

Renfrew
Old Parish Church, High Street
Paisley Abbey    


Left and above: Sir John Ross and Marjory (Muir)

Right: (Paisley Abbey) Said to be Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert Bruce.

Robert Brydall comments on the hair as 'clumsy locks' and speculated that they may be as restoration by a local mason. He also mentions that there is a gablette over the head but, although he provides a drawing of this, the structure has clearly been removed. He also notes that the tomb chest was provided recently by a local minister who included various fragments found free in the church. The identification is local and popular but not proven

Top image: By Stephencdickson - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62009437

   
 

Houston Parish Church  
Sir John Houston and his wife, Alice Campbell (1456)
There
is no original tomb chest remaining and the effigies now lie in a recess cut for them. The effigies have been recut.

Origin of photographs above: RCAHMS
Photograper: Mrs Zoe Ballentine


ROSS AND CROMATY

Fortrose Cathedral
The cathedral is in a ruinous state
Bishop Fraser Unkown bishops - fragments
By Rob Farrow   Licensed

Fearn Abbey        
Partly Ruinous        
       





STERLINGSHIRE

Falkirk
Old and St Modan Parish Church
or
Falkirk Trinity Church


  Robert Brydall refers to a modern notice placed by these effigies: 'The effigies, believed to be memorials of the earliest feudal lords of Callender, originally lay at the South Transept of the church. In 1810 when the church was rebuilt, that transept being taken down, these figures remained exposed to the weather and the injury from the feet of  passengers, until April 1852 when they were placed on this monument by William Forbes, who, as proprietor of the Estates of Callender, felt himself called on to protect from further injury these memorials of former Barons.' and continues 'They were placed in the vestibule of the church but further alterations in 1892-93 necessitated their removal again to be placed in a crypt under better light.'
  This explains their very worn condition, especially as they were presumably resting on the ground without a tomb chest or other support. Robert Rydall writing in 1895 presumably found them in the crypt and the two small photographs, taken in the early 20th century show them this lying on modern tomb chests. These latter have now gone and they are now displayed standing upright elsewhere in the church.
  The armour and dress of the couple on the left look early 17th century while that of those on the right look mid 15th century. So not the earliest feudal lords and their ladies.


Airth Old Church
The old church is in a ruinous state and in the care of Historic Scotland; access is restricted for reasons of safety. There is also a new church at Airth but the effigy remains here.

This interesting but badly worn effigy in under an arch in a wall of the Old Church.

Photograph from the website: 'Corpus of Scottish Medieval Churches

Cambuskenneth Abbey
The abbey is in a ruinous state with little remaining except for an intect bell tower; it is under the care of Historic Scotland

 
  Victorian monument to James III  who were buried before the high altar; their remains were discovered on excavation and buried below this table tomb.










 
 
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